Top ten special forces in the world

Special forces generally refer to units that are specially organized by a country or group to achieve specific political, economic, and military purposes to perform special tasks in the military organization. They have flexible organization, capable personnel, well-equipped, fast mobility, and well-trained. , And strong combat effectiveness.

British Special Air Service Regiment SAS, US Delta Force, US Navy SEALS, Polish Mobile Response Operations (GROM), Australian Special Air Service Regiment (SASR), Russian Alpha Force, Russian "Signal Flag" Special Forces, Israeli Special Forces, German KSK (Komanndo Spieziakraefte) and the French National Gendarmerie Intervention Team (GIGN) are known as the top ten special forces in the world.


British Special Forces

1. British Army Special Air Service Regiment SAS

The world's first special force in the modern sense was formed by Britain. Established during the Second World War. Called "Gormander". The British Army's Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) was established at the beginning of World War II, and there were many "special" single airborne special service groups at the same time. After several reorganizations and a period of expansion, a SAS brigade was established in Scotland in January 1944, including two British regiments (1 and 2SAS), two French regiments (3 and 4SAS), and a Belgian squadron (later 5SAS) and a communications squadron. SAS has gone through all the desert battles. In Italy and northwestern Europe, SAS has established a good reputation for fighting independently behind enemy lines with a well-trained team. It is the strongest special force in the world, with the highest mission completion rate in the world. In the Hell Week training of the US Navy SEALs, the hardest part comes from SAS. (The commandos, including the Flying Tigers from Hong Kong, China, were also trained by SAS).


Introduction

No officer or soldier can directly enlist in the regular regiment (22nd SAS Regiment). It can only be volunteers from other regiments or corps in the British Army, which sometimes causes the regiment to be accused of "poaching" some of the best and most enterprising young officers and soldiers. All SAS volunteers must first pass courses selected by the headquarters of Helleford. These tests are held in Brigham, Wales. The content includes a series of task designs to discover whether everyone has mental adjustment, physical endurance, self-discipline, and strong spirit. These are all due to the mission of the Corps. Needs and must have. The process started with a 10-day adaptation period. A group of 2S people’s map interpretation training brought everyone to the same basic level. The next 10 days were a solo cross-country march, the most stringent is to carry a 25kg Bergen backpack to march 64km in 20 hours. Those volunteers or those who are not forced to withdraw must continue to receive 14 weeks of follow-up training, including skydiving courses and combat survival training. At the end of this phase, those who pass will be awarded berets and badges, and will become permanent members of SAS, although specialized courses will continue to include communications, language, field medical treatment, blasting, shooting, free fall and skydiving. Other fighting skills. It takes about two years for a soldier to be recognized as a fully qualified member, and then there is a period of intensive training for the role of a combat commando. Unlike the early years of SAS, SAS now emphasizes on supporting and encouraging subjects to pass tests and courses, but this does not mean that it will relax its high standards in any way. Even so, its acceptance rate is only about 20%, but it is important to recognize that in the other 80%, only a few people have reasons to feel ashamed. The fact is that SAS is looking for a very special combination of talents. And only a very small number of people can meet their needs. Regular officers and noncommissioned officers of the SAS regiment have a normal duty time of 3 years, and then they usually return to their original regiment or corps. This ensures that the SAS regiment will not become too self-contained, and it can also spread the tightly mixed concepts and training that make up the SAS to the rest of the army during service. Legend has it that a considerable part of the special agents in the British Military Intelligence Service came from the special air crew. Because the members there are so good.


Military Clothing

SAS carefully avoided glamorous or flashy uniforms and decorations, and wore standard British Army uniforms. As far as possible, they were allowed to wear customary "group" accessories only during British exercises. The three basic identification marks of SAS are khaki berets, cap badges, and buttons. The belts, gloves and shoes used by officers are all black. The combat uniform is a standard British Army style, a khaki beret without any badge or a camouflage hat with a brim. Especially when wearing the latter, nothing on the soldier's body will show that he is a member of SAS. A small feature of SAS uniforms is the "overall shirt custom". The rank badges of non-commissioned officers are worn on the shoulders, not on the right sleeve. A unique combat uniform can be used when fighting terrorists, that is, all black work clothes, and a black bulletproof vest, belt and boots. The standard-issued gas mask and gray anti-flash hood complete this set of equipment. Each item in this suit does have a reason to actually need to be worn, but its effect is horrifying, as confirmed during the rescue operation of the Iranian Embassy in May 1980.


Military Equipment

SAS often needs to test new weapons and equipment for many of their experts. In addition to the British Army’s standard infantry weapon range, the regiment recently adopted Siegsall’s 9mm pistol to replace the trusted Browning P-35 pistol. Their most famous weapon is the MP59mm submachine gun of Hankler & Coch (H&K), which was very effective during the assault on the Iranian Embassy. Other foreign weapons on display include a 12.7mm caliber sniper rifle, which can destroy aircraft, lay down helicopters and even penetrate the armor of light vehicles. It can also be used to detonate unexploded ordnance from a safe distance. Each squadron takes turns to replace the roles of different combat teams: always be ready to wear the familiar black attack suit and gas mask. These personal equipment has actually been revised since the Iranian embassy assault, including "flash shock" grenades, body protection, knives and shotguns, plus USP pistols, M4A1 carbines and MP5 submachine guns.


Record

on the street. The police then asked SAS to take over the matter. This force rushed into the embassy and used special weapons and tactics to rescue all the remaining hostages. This amazing success, especially in the world media eager for heroes, made SAS even more famous. By 1982, when SAS seemed to be stereotyped in their anti-terrorist role, unexpectedly, the Falkland War in Argentina broke out. The 22nd SAS immediately entered the war and used this opportunity to remind the world that they are the first and most professional soldiers, trained for war. They were the pioneers to return to South Georgia, although the first helicopter landing and search operation was aborted by the terrifying weather. The second landing was in an inflatable dinghy, and most of the people reached the shore. However, a small boat was damaged. The soldiers were unwilling to radio call for help to disrupt the operation, so they were quickly blown to the east by the wind; luckily they crashed into the protruding part of the island, which was later driven by a helicopter. Rescued. At the same time in Grittwig, the squadron command center and a D squadron unit used the damaged Argentine submarine "Santa Fe" to rush into and defeat the base fortress, and South Georgia quickly returned to British control. The first group of SAS soldiers landed on East Falkland Island on May 1, where they stayed for about 30 days in the harsh weather and close to the enemy. They provide important information about military operations and deployment, and even demarcate enemy aircraft and warehouses for air strikes and naval artillery support. On May 14. SAS raided the cobblestone island, blew up 11 Argentine aircraft, and returned to their original role in the North African desert 40 years ago. There were also reports that they had activities on the main island of Argentina, although this news has never been officially recognized. After Falkland’s victory, SAS continues to receive a lot of useless media attention. The regiment continued its role in the fight against terrorism, which made them notorious among the supporters of the IRA. When Giberalt succeeded in stopping and killing three IRA members, it would lead to innocent and ignorant condemnation. In 1991, SAS discovered that they had returned to the desert one by one to fight with equivalent American special forces, especially with the Delta Force to search for Iraq's "Scud" missiles. The SAS team attacked Iraq’s missile storage facilities and headquarters and control centers. Others used handheld laser pointers to indicate important target areas for Allied laser-guided ammunition bombing.


Action

When the 22nd Special Air Service Regiment performs combat missions, it generally participates in mixed formations. When performing tasks independently, long-range maneuvers rely on carrying Royal Air Force transport aircraft or Royal Navy ships; short-range maneuvers mainly rely on armed helicopters carrying Army aviation and naval aviation.  The British "Sunday Express" first disclosed the confidential operation regulations of the 22nd Special Air Service in March 1988, which included: First, each operation must have a written order and must be approved by the army headquarters. Second, the "target" the special forces deal with must have been under long-term surveillance and confirmed to be a member of a paramilitary organization. Third, the officer of the mission unit must be convinced that the "target" possesses weapons and explosives and has killed or poses a great threat to the lives of others. Fourth, if you meet the above conditions, you can shoot without warning. Fifth, a detailed report must be submitted immediately afterwards.


2. Royal Marines assault brigade

In order to enhance their comprehensive combat capabilities and rapid mobility under modern warfare conditions, the British Army has strengthened the Marine Corps' establishment, adopting a lean and supporting establishment, equipped with sophisticated weapons and equipment, and three-dimensional air, land and sea transportation. Like elite troops in other countries, the "Green Berets" troops are made up of special soldiers. These soldiers were selected from members of the Marine Corps. They have a strong sense of self-discipline, brave and tenacious, strong adaptability and adventurous spirit. But all this requires a long period of hard training to mold them into a qualified Marine Corps special forces. After 30 weeks of basic Marine Corps training, they will undergo a two-week screening training. Players who pass the screening will temporarily become candidates, and there will be formal training for a year. The 3rd Marine Assault Brigade currently has 5,500 personnel. The highest commander is the British Major General. It has a headquarters and 3 assault battalions, namely the 40th, 42nd, and 45th battalions, and 1 light artillery regiment, the No. 29th Royal Artillery Regiment, 1 Engineer Battalion or 59th Independent Assault Battalion, 1 Logistics and Supply Regiment, 1 Helicopter Squadron, 3rd Flying Squadron, 1 Surface-to-Air Missile Air Defense Platoon and 1 Communications Squadron, more specialized units For example, the Special Boat Unit (SBS) is also assigned to the 3rd Assault Brigade. The first 40th Battalion was established in February 1942 and was called A Assault Battalion. In August of the same year, he suffered heavy losses when he attacked the French military port Dieppe. After more than a year of remedial training, it was reorganized into the 40th assault battalion and was successively sent to Italy, Sicily, Adriatic, Palestine, and Cyprus. , Malaysia, Egypt, India, Singapore and Borneo. The 42nd Assault Battalion was established in August 1943 and is responsible for polar combat missions, such as fighting in special locations such as mountains, cold regions, forests and deserts. He has been sent to Burma, the Malvinas Islands and Iraq to garrison or fight. The 45th Assault Battalion participated in the Normandy Landing in 1944 shortly after its establishment. Since then, it has visited France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Palestine, Malaysia, Cyprus, Aden and other countries and regions.


main duty

Due to the British government’s historical entanglement over the issue of Northern Ireland, the Royal Marines from 1957 onwards handed over the long-term garrison in Northern Ireland to the 3rd Assault Brigade. For the officers and soldiers of the assault brigade, the deployment and patrol in Northern Ireland was really a "tense journey", because there was a special region, and facing the extremely radical and fanatical Northern Irish Republican Army (IRA), the difficulties and dangers were obvious. In ordinary patrols, every "green beret" is the target of IRA snipers.

Task classification

The "appeasement mission" carried out by the Third Marine Assault Brigade of the Royal Navy in Northern Ireland can be roughly divided into three types: checkpoints, block inspections, and house-by-house searches. The purpose of the checkpoints is to block the movement of IRA terrorists and the transportation of arms. Among them, check-in is a temporary task, which is easier than the task of sentinel. House-to-house searches are usually cumbersome and prone to popular complaints, but they are a necessary means to detect the hiding of IRA militants or to gather intelligence.

Activity area and method

The main areas for the commando to perform the "appeasement mission" are Yamal, the town of bandits, and downtown Belfast, which has a large number of terrorists. The Yamal region is hilly and rugged woodland. All major passages have mines laid by IRA, and the woods often hide terrorists waiting for opportunities. Therefore, there are two types of patrols in this area: walking patrols and air patrols. The patrol time usually ranges from one day to several days. The team members are generally heavily loaded and have to crawl through the woods and fields. Most villagers sympathize with the IRA terrorists. The patrol route of the commando is to pass through the forest at a fixed point, and to perform ambush or investigation missions under very confidential circumstances; dispatching helicopters to patrol the area is the most direct and effective way, usually by 12 commandos, with The helicopter is transported to a specific location for search, ambush or investigation.

Main achievements

Performing a mission in Belfast, the capital of Northern Ireland, is much simpler than a wild mission in Yamal. In most cases, armored vehicles are used to patrol on foot, and the risk of being sniped by gunmen is also less. The land warfare assault has been on duty in Northern Ireland for nearly half a century, and the price paid was 25 deaths and 90 injuries, most of which were caused by IRA bomb attacks. However, between 1990 and 1991, the Third Assault Brigade successfully captured dozens of terrorists without any casualties of its own, which greatly combated the terrorist activities of the IRA.


U.S. Special Forces

Delta Force

origin

In the eastern United States, there is a mysterious military base—Bradenburg Army Base in North Carolina. This is the headquarters of the "Delta" special forces that the United States began to establish in the late 1970s to carry out counter-terrorism combat missions.

The official designation of the "Delta" Special Forces is the 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta) of the United States Army Special Forces, which is derived from the United States Army "Green Berets" Special Forces An elite force whose main task is to deal with various terrorist activities that threaten the interests of the United States around the world. There are currently two squadrons. The squadron has several squadrons, each with 16 people. Although this force has no impressive record, it is an anti-terrorist force in the United States.

The American "Delta" special forces were established in April 1978 following the British 22nd Special Air Service Regiment (SAS). The organization referred to the anti-terrorist special forces of European countries at that time, but in terms of responsibilities, they were specialized in overseas anti-terrorism. action. Thanks to the high-quality personnel armed with sophisticated equipment and high mobility, it has the ability to deploy mobile "at any time and anywhere". The birth of the "Delta" force embodies the most painful page of the United States' struggle against terrorism after experiencing the "severe pain" of the severe terrorist threat. In the mid-to-late 1970s, terrorism began to prevail in Europe, and various terrorist activities continued one after another. Most European countries successively established special forces dedicated to counter-terrorism operations; at this time, Americans were "Laozi No. 1 in the world." I still feel good about myself, and I always feel that things like terrorist activities are still far away from me.

At the time when the United States was deeply caught in the Vietnam War, many countries showed strong dissatisfaction with the power politics of the United States. The targets of terrorist attacks are no longer limited to Israel, the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany and other countries. The spearhead of terrorist activities has quietly begun to point. Analyzed US’s facilities, personnel and interests in Europe and the Middle East. On March 1, 1973, the "Black September" terrorist organization attacked the U.S. Embassy in Sudan. U.S. Ambassador Klee Lowell and the embassy staff were abducted. The U.S. government at the time believed that the Sudanese military and police were capable of handling this incident and did not take any intervention. But the Sudanese government at the time had nothing to do with this incident, which resulted in the tragic death of Ambassador Klee Rowell at the guns of terrorists. The ensuing series of terrorist activities directed at the United States made the US government unable to sit still. The successive terrorist activities demonstrated the inability of the United States to deal with terrorist incidents, and also showed that the United States is no longer a forbidden area for terrorist operations. Under such circumstances, the US assault force "Delta" special forces dedicated to counter-terrorism operations came into being.

In 1977, after the Carter administration came to power, it began to form a special anti-terrorist force specifically designed to deal with terrorist incidents. The then Army Special Operations Commander, General Jemin Rogerski, handed this important task to Colonel Charles Beckwith who was the commander of the Fort Bragg Training Command at the time. The name "Delta" is said to be derived from an unforgettable experience of Colonel Beckwith. Col. Charles Beckwith, when he was young, volunteered to join the US Army Reserve Officer Training Corps as an instructor, which was the predecessor of the "Green Berets" special forces. In 1963, he was sent to the jungle of Malaysia to serve as the liaison officer between the US Special Forces and the British SAS Special Forces, which was deeply affected.

In 1965, Beckwith, who participated in the Vietnam War, was ordered to lead a dozen special forces to carry out an operation code-named "Delta Plan" to conduct secret reconnaissance and sabotage behind enemy lines. During the operation, he fully demonstrated his leadership and command style, using the special warfare skills learned from the British special forces to successfully harass, sabotage, and infiltrate the Vietnamese guerrillas, and was hailed as a "special operations expert." But in the Battle of Palemen, Beckwith left "Mc City". He was ordered to lead a team to support a besieged camp from the air. Because the helicopter failed to accurately deliver the commando team to the predetermined location, he was trapped in a delta. During the breakout, Bei was shot in the abdomen and almost became a prisoner of the Vietnamese. Fortunately, he was rescued by a special force. Recalling the Cambodian swamps, the forests of Laos, and the hills of Thailand that he had rushed through, he planted a big somersault in a small triangle in Vietnam, which made him worry about this triangle in his heart.

With great enthusiasm, Colonel Beckwith was ordered to form this anti-terrorist special force of the US Army and named it the "Delta" Special Force.


Selection conditions

Persisting in the selection and retention of outstanding officers and soldiers is an important principle in the construction of special forces. Only high-quality personnel can ensure that special operations forces complete their special and difficult tasks. Special operations forces are the essence of the US military, and the "delta" forces are the essence of the essence. The selection of the initial personnel of the "Delta" force was almost entirely based on the practice of the British SAS special forces, selecting the most suitable personnel from the special forces of the army, navy and air forces.

The qualifications for registration of the "Delta" special forces are: American citizens, under 22 years old, and have served in special forces for more than two years.

Physically, one must be able to crawl back 35 meters in 25 seconds, do 37 sit-ups per minute, do 33 push-ups per minute, pass the obstacles set in 24 seconds, complete a two-kilometer long-distance run in 16 minutes, and be fully equipped Armed swimming crossing 100 meters. After completing these projects, an 18-kilometer expedition will be carried out. After two hours of rest, it must be completed in an uninhabited area with only a compass and a map within 24 hours without any hint or guidance. A physical limit test of 74 kilometers marching alone.

In terms of technical conditions, one must be proficient in using various light weapons, operating various mechanical equipment and driving various cars, tanks, armored vehicles, large transport aircraft or helicopters. It also requires skills such as grappling, fighting, cliff climbing, and obstacle crossing. In addition, each person must have at least one specialty such as blasting, ambulance, repair, and unpacking. In addition, volunteers must pass a very demanding psychological test.

By 1978, Colonel Beckwith selected 53 of the 200 volunteers as the first members of the "Delta" force based on this standard. The first lesson Colonel Beckwith gave the team members was to let them watch a videotape of the 1972 Munich terrorist incident. A sentence he sent to the team members: "Remember, someone will die as soon as the gun is fired. Whoever shoots first has the hope of survival. This is our creed."

The training base of the "Delta" troops was dubbed a children's playground by the team members. During shooting training, each team member should conduct more than ten hours of continuous hostage rescue operation training in the simulated "horror house"; conduct anti-hijacking training in the real cabin suspended in the air; use the actual racing venue for driving and racing chase Training; in addition to high-rise rappelling assault training on simulated grounds, they often go to skyscrapers in major cities for actual rappelling assault training; in addition, the "Delta" troops often conduct snow combat and underwater penetration combat training . The force is also equipped with C-130 or C-141 transport aircraft, ready for overseas mobile deployment operations.

In a short period of time, through nearly harsh training, the "Delta" forces have become a sharp knife for the United States in anti-terrorist operations around the world. A joint assessment committee composed of the US Office of Counter-Terrorism, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Bureau of Justice and other units conducted a mock examination of the "Delta" troops, and the results shocked those present. An Associated Press reporter even commented humorously: "If this troop is given a long ladder, they can climb to the moon."


Record

Since its establishment, the "Delta" unit has played an active role in anti-terrorism operations, but its record does not seem to be satisfactory. In the 1980s, the scale and combat strength of the "Delta" force continued to increase. It established cooperation with special forces from various countries, such as the British SAS, Germany's GSG9, Israel's General Staff Reconnaissance Group, Australia's SAS, and Italy's GIS. Close cooperative relations, extensive cooperation in training and operations. In 1982, they provided technical assistance to the Italian special forces in the rescue of the American General Dozier who was kidnapped by the terrorist organization "Red Brigade"; in 1987, they assisted the FBI in capturing the 1985 incident of the hijacking of the U.S. Circle Airliner. Terrorist Younis; also participated in the security of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics and the 1988 Summit of the Seven Western Countries.

Although the United States has spent huge sums of money to equip the "Delta" forces with the world's most advanced and sophisticated weapons and equipment, with supercomputers, high-tech facilities, and a global intelligence network that can be used at will. However, how the U.S. government uses this special warfare force to maximize its strike capability, but due to poor coordination among various departments, a series of strike operations have failed. The "Operation Eagle Claw" carried out in April 1980 to rescue the hostages of the U.S. Embassy in Iran was completely failed due to helicopter failure and errors in the coordination of joint services. On December 4, 1984, a Kuwaiti passenger plane was hijacked to Pakistan, and the assault operation of the "Delta" forces was stranded due to errors in logistical support. On June 14, 1985, an American flight was hijacked from Mecca to Algeria. The Algerian government refused to allow the "Delta" forces to use force on its territory. As a result, an American sailor on board was killed by terrorists.

Around 1990, the "Delta" troops cooperated with Israel to secretly perform many hostage rescue missions in the Middle East, and also participated in secret anti-narcotics operations in Latin America, with no glorious record. The unit’s largest assault operation in recent years was the search for the military strongman Aidid in Somalia on October 3, 1993. It violated the principle that special forces should avoid daytime assault operations, leaving a miserable history in the combat history of the "Delta" unit. Page.

The record of the American "Delta" forces for more than 20 years can be said to be the bleakest of all special forces, so it is described as a special force that "will never be a bride." The actions carried out by the "Delta" forces have been shrouded in a veil of mystery, and it is still difficult for people to understand what lies behind them. However, this force has high-quality personnel and high-tech equipment, as well as strong combat capabilities and high mobility, so that it will certainly perform stunning performances in future international anti-terrorism activities.

First of all, there is indeed a special force called the "Delta Force", but for some political reasons, this force is not officially recognized by the U.S. military. Therefore, when the Delta Force participates in multiple operations at the same time, Most of the other troops call the members of the "Delta Force" "D-boy".


Australian Special Forces

Special Air Service Regiment (SASR)

SASR's predecessor was the Australian independent company and group commando that carried out special operations behind the Japanese army during the Pacific War. In order to further improve its special operations capabilities, in August 1951, the Australian Army established the first full-time special force-an airborne platoon under the Royal Australian Secret Service (RAR). Subsequently, two more assault companies were established in 1955. After absorbing the formation experience of British special forces, RAR established a new special air service company in 1957. Its missions were medium and long-range reconnaissance, intelligence collection and special operations. In 1964, it went to Southeast Asia to cooperate with the British SAS special forces. On this basis, the Australian Army gradually developed its own special forces organization form, reorganizing the entire RAR into a special air service regiment SASR. From 1964 to 1972, the Australian SASR was tied to a U.S. tank and participated in the Vietnam War. Because of their superior personal skills, they were called "Ghosts of the Jungle". During the entire 10 years that they participated in the Vietnam War, only one member was killed . SASR has 2 combat squadrons and 1 direct squadron. When maneuvering, each squadron is divided into airborne, speedboat, and vehicle modes, and when performing missions, it is divided into communication, knife, and base squads.

tank

tank

A considerable number of special operations forces have been retained in Australia, and they have obtained the necessary international status and influence by following the United Kingdom and the United States to send troops to other countries. The most elite special forces in Australia belong to the SPECIAL AIR SERVICES, also known as the SPECIAL AIR SERVICES, established in 1957. It is a regiment-level combat unit and the earliest special operations force in Australia. Subsequently, some were sent to Brunei, and from 1966 to 1971, some were sent to battle in Vietnam. At that time, a total of 3 special operations teams took turns to fight in Vietnam to train the team. The airborne special service squadron now has 2 airborne special service squadrons and two support squadrons, with a total strength of about 500-650. Their costumes are khaki berets and metal wing-shaped dagger armbands. Most of the selected personnel are from other army units, and they are all volunteers. This unit has followed the United States and Britain to intervene in the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Although it is an elite combat unit, it has left behind a reputation of "invasion and occupation. In addition, Australia has a relatively small number of troops, so this special operations force is also responsible for counter-terrorism tasks, and because the country does not have a Marine Corps, it also serves as the Marine Corps. Of course, its training content is also very rich, including anti-terrorism, land warfare, airborne, sea raid and other aspects. Its fighting training uses karate, and it is said that it has also been trained by a Chinese Wing Chun boxer. The airborne special service team can perform combat missions in three areas: sea, land, and air at any time. Its equipment is the most sophisticated in the world, because its Prime Minister Howard is willing to invest in this area, and with the increasing difficulty of the war on terrorism and the continuous expansion of the scope of the fight against terrorism, the Australian government has also decided to expand the special operations force.

Australia's SASR is considered to be the best special forces in the Commonwealth countries except SAS. The American special forces often send people to SASR for learning and exchanges.


Russian special forces

Alpha Force

The Russian Special Forces (Alpha Team) was established in the former Soviet Union under the instructions of KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov. Its original name was Team A, and it was also called Team Alpha after 1991. The direct cause of the formation of the team was the terrorist action against Israeli athletes during the Munich Olympics.

The mission of the special forces is to fight terrorism at home and abroad. It is tightly organized and extremely agile. It was once the pride of the Soviet Union. The members of the special forces are not like ordinary Russian soldiers. They are generally equipped with stunts. They are snipers, blasters, and communications experts. They are good at secret operations and performing reconnaissance missions. They can maintain calm and clear thinking under strong pressure.

Special forces

Special forces

In 1979, Group A participated in the battle to capture the Amin Palace in Afghanistan and suffered a "battle baptism". Its number subsequently increased and its espionage objectives were proposed: In any environment where terrorism may occur, Group A is There must be "owners". Since then, special forces have achieved remarkable results in three major terrorist activities in the Soviet Union before 1981-1986. In 1981, special forces subdued two terrorists carrying submachine guns and held 25 middle school students hostage in Sarapur. The children were not harmed during the entire battle. In 1983, in Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, special forces rescued all 57 people who were detained by terrorists on the Tu-134 plane, with no casualties. In 1986, the terrorist incident that occurred in Tbilisi reappeared in Ufa. Of the two terrorists, one was wounded by special forces and the other was killed, but all of them remained unscathed. In October 2002, he participated in the famous "Moscow Hostage Event" and made outstanding contributions. Since its formation, Alpha has never failed in combat operations. "Alpha" Anti-Terrorist Rangers is a name that scares terrorists. They are all outstanding candidates who have passed rigorous examinations and selected from among young KGB officers, and they are the world's strongest anti-terrorism force.


Israeli special forces

The Desert "Wild Boy" was formally established in 1957. This unit is directly under the leadership of the General Staff and is known as the "son of the General Staff." Its main mission is to engage in tactical reconnaissance, intelligence collection, and rescue personnel. The daily training is further improved on the basis of the training subjects of the British special forces special air crew sas. The specific content is classified as confidential, and it is not disclosed, except that the elimination rate is high.

What makes this unit unique is that it pays much attention to team spirit, and its organization is similar to family style. Once you join, you have to serve it for life. This unit is the pride of the Israeli Defense Forces, and its combat skills, combat effectiveness, and morale are all exemplary. In particular, the officers of this force are promoted relatively quickly. Many senior generals come from this force. For example, Barak, who became chief of staff in April 1991 and was elected prime minister as the leader of the Labor Party in May 1999, came from this force. . The tasks performed by this force are also secretive, and outsiders can only see clues through some major events that have attracted international attention. In April 1973, the desert "wild boy" attracted the attention of the world for the first time. At that time, it launched a full-scale assassination operation code-named "Fountain of Youth" against important members of the "Black September" organization, almost disintegrating the entire "Black September" organization. In 1976, the "wild boy" rushed thousands of miles to rescue hostages at Entebbe Airport in Uganda. It can be regarded as a pioneering work in the history of anti-terrorism operations in the world. It demonstrated to the world the superb art and capabilities of Israeli special forces in anti-terrorism operations.


Swedish special forces

Swedish Special Operations Task Force (SOG)

The Special Operations Task Force was established in 2011 and was formed by the merger of the Special Protection Group (Swedish: Sarskilda skyddsgruppen, abbreviation: SSG) and the Special Search Group (Swedish: Sarskilda inhamtningsgruppen, abbreviation: SIG).

The Special Operations Task Force merged with the Special Forces Management Department (SFL) to form the Swedish Defense Forces Special Forces (FM SF). In addition, there are several special forces support units (FM SOF). These personnel have been specially selected and trained, and are responsible for transportation tasks, technical, logistical, and medical support for sea, land, and air. The more well-known units are: Special Maritime Transport Unit (STE), Special Communication Team (SSE) and Special Operations Technology Department (SOT).

SOG is under the direct command of the commander (admiral) of the Swedish Armed Forces.

Although the actual organization of the force is not open to the public, it is known that SOG contains several units. Each team contains three "squads", or every four operational personnel are responsible for patrols.

The special operations task force recruits soldiers and officers from the Swedish army, and they hold a competition every year to train their personnel.

The selection process is divided into two parts, in which candidates must persevere within a week to test their team spirit, physical fitness and spirit, and their skills as a soldier will also be tested. After passing this stage, the candidates will then undergo a week of medical and psychological testing. In order to test the abilities and qualities of candidates, (such as creativity, judgment and personal maturity, etc.), candidates will have the opportunity to be required to participate in basic courses after passing the training. As for how many people will successfully pass the selection is still unknown, and overall, only about 20% of the candidates will be able to pass.

The basic course of SOG lasts for twelve months and includes the following three parts:

Various combat techniques (e.g. ground combat and rescue operations, etc.)

Patrol skills

Special Skills Course

Once the course is completed, the operational personnel will be placed in an operational team and can begin deployment.

The special operations task force often serves as bodyguards for the commander of the Swedish army and other high-level personnel, and often participates in special operations of the multinational force, such as direct operations, special reconnaissance, and military assistance. The combat operations undertaken by this unit are often highly strategic and cannot be accomplished by conventional forces or weapon systems. In combat missions, they will destroy high-value targets or objects that are very important to the enemy, rescue Swedish military personnel captured or held hostage by the enemy, or collect critical intelligence through actions.

Special reconnaissance and intelligence gathering are designed to gather information about the enemy’s activities or the tactical importance of the operations.

As a special force, the special operations task force will also be responsible for training and consulting foreign military forces as part of international peacekeeping operations.

The unit has a high degree of combat readiness, and can be deployed within a radius of 6000 kilometers in Brussels in a short period of time, fighting in any environment (for example: jungle, desert, mountain, subarctic zone and city, etc.). They will also be deployed in accordance with the requirements of the United Nations and the European Union, which of course must be approved at the political level.

The special operations task force was also deployed in Afghanistan and supported the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF).


Canadian Special Forces

(JTF-2 "Second Joint Task Force")

The threats Canada faces in the future are mainly non-traditional security threats, especially terrorist attacks on the Canadian mainland. The Director of the Policy and Strategic Planning Bureau of the Canadian Ministry of Defense also said that Ottawa is very concerned about domestic security, especially the threats of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.

Special forces

Special forces

In response to the characteristics of terrorist attacks such as high concealment, outstanding uncertainty and high destructiveness, Canadian Chief of Defense Staff Hernet said that Canada will carry out the largest post-Cold War adjustments to the military, change the structure of the military, and establish a system that can monitor the country. "Canada Command" increased the number of special operations forces, invested a lot of money in the purchase of weapons and equipment, improved the army's rapid response capabilities, and established an army that can deal with both traditional security threats and non-traditional security threats.

According to the U.S. "Daily Defense" report, Hernet recently pointed out that the increase in the defense budget in 2005 will be the beginning of the increase in defense spending in the next few years. At the same time, it is also Canada's largest increase in defense spending in 20 years, including $2.5 billion invested in new equipment. It is reported that these funds will be mainly used to purchase medium-sized transport helicopters, logistics trucks and multi-purpose aircraft to improve the army's rapid response capabilities.

Large military transport aircraft is a priority development project for the Canadian Army. It will improve the strategic mobility of the Canadian military. Canada is preparing to purchase the C-17 strategic transport aircraft manufactured by the Boeing Company of the United States. At the same time, Canada also plans to increase its investment in its maritime surveillance capabilities, including upgrading remote surveillance aircraft, satellites and unmanned aerial vehicles, etc., to detect precursors of terrorist attacks in time. According to the French "Aerospace Defense" report, the Canadian Ministry of National Defense recently announced that it will launch the "Polar Epsilon" program and launch the "Radarstar" 2 reconnaissance satellite in 2006. "The'Polar Epsilon' plan will enhance the role of the Canadian military in monitoring targets in the northern region of the country." Canadian Defense Minister Bill Graham said, "This plan will strengthen Canada's surveillance capabilities and improve the ability to defend the border. ."

Regarding the construction of special forces, Hernat said in an interview with the media recently that the second task force of the secret Canadian commando force is expanding its personnel and purchasing high-tech equipment. He said: "Based on the experience we gained after the '9.11' attack, we are further expanding the establishment of Task Force 2. This means equipping it with more sophisticated weapons that it uses. This also means To improve its training level and ability to cooperate with other special operations forces."

JTF-2 is the only special force in Canada.