Information and Rules about China Military Uniform

Military uniform refers to the uniform of the army. Military uniforms use a standard type of clothing. Through the texture, color and style of military uniforms of a country and a period of time, it can not only taste the aesthetics of the times, but also read political, military, economic, technological and other aspects. Most of the military uniforms in the world are green, but in many cases, the natural background is not green. This requires flexible and reasonable selection of clothing colors according to the local background conditions at the time.


development path

Chinese tunic octagonal hat

The first generation of military uniform: Chinese tunic octagonal hat

The founding of our army began in the "August 1st" Nanchang Uprising in 1927. At that time, this unit was wearing the costume of the National Revolutionary Army, except for the red scarf to distinguish it. The autumn harvest uprising units in the border area of Hunan and Jiangxi were mostly workers and peasants wearing red cloth. Armband.

Since people continued to join the Red Army, and the Red Army clothing was mainly captured by fighting local tyrants and captured on the battlefield. Therefore, new soldiers often encounter what they wear, their colors and styles are very messy.

In 1928, the Red Army used several sewing machines seized on the battlefield to establish its first clothing factory in a ruined temple in Tiaoliao Village, Ninggang, Jiangxi. That is to say, only then did the Red Army begin to have its own standard clothing.

The clothing styles of the Red Army during this period were gray tunic suits and octagonal hats made of coarse cloth, decorated with cloth red five-star cap badges and red collar badges.

Commander-in-chief Zhu De was very happy when he saw the soldiers put on the first batch of uniform uniforms produced by the outfitting factory. He said meaningfully: "Although it is not as beautiful as foreign military uniforms, it is really good for us. It's incomparable."

At that time, the production conditions of the garment factory were very difficult. The white clay cloth for making clothes was dyed with gray indigo. Sometimes there was not even gray indigo. They had to use tea seed husks (straw ash and other soil methods for coloring. The sewing thread was also made by the workers. ).

Most middle-aged Chinese people still remember that photo of Mao Zedong's bust wearing an octagonal hat. That heroic spirit left a deep impression on many people, and the octagonal hat and tunic uniform made the image of the Red Army in the hearts of many people clearer!


Do-it-yourself clothing

In difficult years-do it yourself

In 1937, when the Anti-Japanese War broke out, the Communist Party and the Kuomintang once again cooperated. The main force of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army and the Southern Red Army guerrillas were reorganized into the Eighth Route Army and the New Fourth Army. The clothing was the same as that of the Kuomintang Army. "The armband shows the difference.

After the "Southern Anhui Incident" in 1941, some New Fourth Army troops cancelled the blue sky and white sun badges on their hats, but the Eighth Route Army and New Fourth Army leadership agencies did not explicitly order to cancel the cap badges. [1] 

The Kuomintang imposed an economic blockade on the location of the troops led by Mao Zedong, and tens of thousands of soldiers and soldiers were extremely deprived of food and clothing. Under such circumstances, Mao Zedong called for "do it yourself, get enough food and clothing," and the whole army set off a vigorous mass production movement. The soldiers spun thread, weave, dyed cloth, and made army shoes.

The majority of women in the base areas also made clothes and shoes to support the Red Army with great fanfare. The front and rear are united, relying on perseverance to overcome various difficulties, and basically guarantee the supply of military uniforms.

During the entire Anti-Japanese War and the beginning of the Liberation War, the military uniforms changed little. Make some changes to the small logo.

In the late 1940s, our army was officially named the "Chinese People's Liberation Army". The whole army uniformly determined the grass green as the color of the military uniform. The hat was changed to a liberation hat with a small brim.


Uniform clothing style and color

This is the first time in the history of our military that uniform clothing styles and colors have been unified.

After the founding of New China in 1949, our military developed from a single service to three major services: land, navy, and air.

Since then, a series of major changes have taken place in the uniforms of the Chinese army. For the first time, large brimmed hats, soldier pullovers and female soldiers' dresses, as well as "Lenin clothes" (double-breasted on the chest) appeared. The navy uses the world's popular sea soul shirt and pullover military uniform, and the beanie is decorated with two ribbons that distinguish the direction of the wind, and so on. The air force, navy, armored force and other technical arms also have their own specialized special clothing.

From then on, Chinese military uniforms departed from the single model of tunic suits and absorbed certain characteristics of foreign military uniforms. The best in military uniform-marshal uniform

In 1955, our army implemented the military rank system, and clothing began to be divided into dresses, ordinary uniforms, etc., breaking the history of single-standard military uniforms for the first time.


The best in military uniforms

During this period, the marshal uniform became the best in military uniforms.

Although the dress of the top ten marshals of the People's Liberation Army became an incomparably noble image in the minds of the masses at that time, Mao Zedong always refused to wear the generals.

When the military rank system was implemented, it was planned to establish the rank of Generalissimo of the People's Republic of China.

In this way, making the generals' uniform has become an important task of the PLA General Rear Quartermaster Equipment Research Institute. For this task, the leadership attaches great importance to it, and specially recruits embroidery technicians from Shanghai to participate in the trial production of the generals and marshal uniforms.

The Grand Marshal's dress is made of sea blue pure wool gabardine fabric and suit style. The top is a large lapels and six golden buttons with the national emblem pattern. The lower body is loose-leg trousers. The collar, sleeves and trousers are inlaid. Red teeth, collar and cuffs are embroidered with money and pine technology leaves, and a five-pointed star is embroidered on the head and sleeves; the grand marshal hat is a large brimmed hat with red dental floss, metal ribbon and golden yellow National emblem pattern hat buttons, etc.

Later, when Peng Dehuai and Luo Ronghuan reported to Mao Zedong about the work of awarding titles and honoring them, Mao Zedong praised their work performance and said: "I don't want to be a general marshal. It would be uncomfortable for me to wear the generals uniform. To the masses. It’s inconvenient to go to talk and activities."

Therefore, the marshal's dress elaborately made for Mao Zedong has never been worn, and has been kept in the Chinese Revolutionary Military Museum. It has now become a historical relic.


The "65 style" popular in the country

In 1965, our army abolished its military rank. All officers and soldiers of the army wore liberation caps, red five-star cap badges and red collar badges. The clothing fabric was pure cotton.

It is worth mentioning that during this period, military uniforms had a lot of connections with Chinese politics at that time.

After this, there were 85 types, 87 types, 97 types, and 07 types.

The never-fading military uniform "07 style"

On August 1, 2007, the whole army began to change the 07-style military uniforms. The 07 series of clothing was initially divided into 644 varieties in four categories: dress, normal clothing, training clothing and clothing series. It was a comprehensive and systematic reform in the history of our military uniforms.

On December 31, 2015, the Army’s leading agencies, Rocket Forces, and Strategic Support Forces were established. At the beginning of the year, the whole army began to replace the 15-style armbands and chest badges.

On July 1, 2016, the Rocket Army officers and soldiers launched the new ritual (regular) uniform. In the 07-style military uniform system, the main colors of the three military salute (normal) uniforms for land, sea and air are pine branch green, navy blue and blue-gray, which can be summarized as "one green and two blue" from the color system. The main color of the rocket military salute (normal) service is determined to be dark green, which realizes the "two green and two blue" color pattern of the four services of the land, sea, air, and rocket forces.

On August 1, 2017, the entire army will uniformly change and wear summer uniform caps and cancel berets. This is a new type of military cap that matches the summer uniforms. The design highlights Chinese elements and the characteristics of our army.


design standards

A large number of measurements and experiments are required every time the military uniform is designed and updated. When designing the "84" military uniform, we collected uniform samples from 27 countries, and conducted field measurements on 15,000 soldiers of different sizes in 83 regiments of the navy, land and air forces. The "07" military uniform has also undergone a large number of measurements and experiments. According to reports, the new military uniform is modified on the basis of the military uniform of the Hong Kong Garrison. "This is mainly because it is in line with international standards."

According to reports, the biggest feature of this dressing is the addition of the dress category. It is reported that the People's Liberation Army had a dress suit when it was first awarded in 1955. It was designed with reference to the Soviet style. It was mainly used by officers above the school level. It was later cancelled. This is the first time a dress has been added after more than 40 years. This time, the institute will be responsible for participating in the formulation of some standards. According to the person in charge of the munitions department of the hospital, the military uniform standard refers to the color, pattern, style, materials, technology, and processing flow of clothing.

From August 1, 2007, the Armed Police Force will successively change and issue "Armed Police 07 Style Clothing." This is the most comprehensive, systematic and thorough reform in the history of the armed police's clothing, marking a historic leap in the level of armed police's clothing support.


Clothing color

Most of the military uniforms in the world are green (grass green, dark green or yellowish greenish). The green development of military uniforms in the same place is drawn from the lessons of actual combat.

At the end of the 19th century, British imperialism launched an aggressive war against South Africa. At that time, there was a white people in South Africa called "Boers". They were unwilling to be ravaged by foreign aggressors and organized armed resistance. The Boer tribe had fewer troops and the British troops were more. The Boers lost in the early days of the war. The British army was arrogant and advanced. Through observation for a period of time, the Boers found that the British army had a great feature. They all wore red uniforms. They were particularly conspicuous against the green background of the South African forest, so their actions were easily exposed. The Boers got inspiration from this and immediately put their own The clothing was changed to grass green, and the guns were also painted green. In this way, the Boers used the green background of the dense grass jungle as a cover. The British army was not easy to spot the Boers, while the Boers were easy to spot the British army. They often approached the British army unconsciously and suddenly launched attacks. The British army was caught off guard, but the British army could not find the target. In this war, the British army killed more than 90,000 people and suffered heavy losses.

The lessons learned by the British in South Africa were quickly learned by the armed forces of many countries. In order to better conceal the actions of the army under field conditions, people first start with clothing and continuously improve the color of the military uniform to make it as close as possible to the color of the natural background. In this way, although the world's military has very different forms of clothing, the colors are gradually unified in the green tone.

Of course, everything is not absolute. From the perspective of concealed camouflage, the color of military uniforms cannot be limited to green. In many cases, the natural background is not green, which requires flexible and reasonable selection of clothing colors according to the local background conditions at the time. For example, in the snow, only white can be in harmony with the background; in the sea, only blue can be integrated with it; in the desert, only the yellow-brown is closer to the background.


Clothing classification

50 Style

According to the cadres and soldiers of the army, navy and air force. The summer clothes for cadres of the army, navy and air force are all made of cotton plain cloth, and the service types are distinguished by the color of the clothes and the large brimmed hat and cap badge. All army cadres and soldiers wear big brimmed hats in summer. The army cadre’s summer uniform has two upper digging pockets, the trousers are Western-style trousers, and the back gun pocket. The navy and air force cadres' summer clothes have four digging bags. Navy officers have two types: upper white and lower blue and full blue suits. The army soldier's summer coat is a pullover, half-open, tight cuffs, two upper pockets, and a tie belt. In order to facilitate dressing, training and combat, in 1952 it was changed to a front cardigan, loose cuffs, and a liberation cap. The navy soldier's summer uniforms are upper white and lower blue and all blue sailor uniforms, all made of cotton plain cloth. The summer uniforms of Air Force fighters are basically the same as those of Air Force cadres. There are two types of summer clothes for female soldiers: dress and Lenin. The color of the hat and clothing is the same as that of male soldiers in the service. The styles and materials of winter clothes for cadres and soldiers of the three services are the same as summer clothes. In August 1950, the Central Military Commission approved cadres above the army regiment and cadres above the naval and air force battalion, air force paratroopers, naval naval forces, and sea school cadets to wear clothing. Improved the appearance of some soldiers. The Korean War broke out on June 25, 1950. In October of the same year, the Chinese People's Liberation Army went to North Korea to participate in the war. The summer uniforms for volunteers cadres are the same as the summer uniforms for the PLA cadres. The soldiers' summer uniforms are covered with a layer of cloth on the elbows, shoulders, hips, and knees to improve the wear resistance of the uniforms. Volunteer army cadres' winter clothes, taking into account the adjustment effect of the clothing, have been improved in structure. The cuffs of the tops are added with straps and breeches are worn to enhance the warmth retention and adapt to the severe cold winter in North Korea. After the armistice in Korea in 1953, volunteer cadres and soldiers wore the "Chinese People's Volunteer Army" cloth badge.


55 Style

The 55-style military rank clothing is divided into two types: formal wear and normal uniform, which broke through the history of the Chinese People's Liberation Army's single-standard military uniform for the first time. Dresses are issued to officers above school level and worn on major ceremonial occasions and when visiting abroad. At the same time, there are also navy captain officer dresses and sailor dresses, as well as military bands, honor guards, art troupes, and sports teams. The officer saluted with a white shirt and a navy blue tie. The color of the dress is distinguished by military type. The dress material is pure wool gabardine, and the dress collar, sleeves, and trousers seams are equipped with different accessories according to different ranks. Dresses for female officers above school are skirts. The decoration and materials are similar to the male officer's dress. The 55-style military rank dress greatly improves the military appearance of officers above the school level, and better demonstrates the national prestige and military prestige. The 55-style normal clothes are the clothes worn by the soldiers at ordinary times. There are two types of summer clothes and winter clothes. Officers wear military rank epaulettes and service collar badges when wearing regular uniforms; large brimmed hats with round "August 1" red five-star cap badges, and military officers and lieutenants wear armed belts. The colors of the uniforms are distinguished by different services. The military officer Xia Chang's intake is divided by rank. (Marshal and general Xia Chang wears pure wool serge. The school officer's summer uniform is pressed silk fabric, and the officer's winter and summer uniform is cotton twill.


65 Style

In 1965, our army abolished the military rank system and immediately abolished the 55-style military rank clothing. All cadres and soldiers in the army wear liberation caps, red five-star cap badges and all-red collar badges.

Due to interference from the "Left" ideology, the army abolished the rank system on June 1, 1965. The rank clothing was immediately abolished, and all officers and soldiers of the Chinese People's Liberation Army wore a liberation cap, decorated with a red five-star cap badge and a red collar badge. The style is the same as the 55-style regular service. The uniforms and styles of cadres and soldiers, male and female soldiers in the whole army are basically the same. People can only distinguish cadres and soldiers from their pockets.

In 1978, on the basis of the 71-style military uniform, our army's clothing further expanded the use of synthetic fiber materials with the main purpose of reducing weight. The winter coat, cotton coat and coat fabrics are mainly changed to polyester fabrics, the cotton lining cloth is changed to dimensional cotton, leather caps and fur coats are produced with new technology, and the weight of the coat is reduced. The improved clothing is named 78-style military uniform.


85 style

In January 1984, the Central Military Commission approved the military uniform reform plan, and in 1985 the army was equipped with the 85-style uniform. The 85-style military uniform still uses the 55-style uniform. Only the Jiefang Hat was changed to a large brimmed hat, wearing a round "August 1st" red five-star cap badge and military shoulder collar. Cadres and soldiers issued additional standard shirts. The summer clothes for cadres above the regiment are Verding wool, the winter clothes are woolen breeches, and the coat is woolen overcoat; the cadres above the army are pure wool, the cadres of the division and regiment are wool-polyester blends, and the cadres below the battalion and combat clothing are polyester-nylon. Cotton ternary blend fabric.


87 Style

The series of clothing is divided into three categories: formal wear, regular wear and training wear.

Dresses are the standard clothing worn by military officers at major celebrations and important foreign affairs activities. There are two types of summer dresses and winter dresses. The dress is a suit style. With a white shirt and a navy blue tie, the military is distinguished by different colors and the color of the floss in the pants. The dress materials are differentiated by rank. The style, material and color of the female officer's dress are the same as those of the male officer in the military, and they wear a rose red tie. The 87-style military uniform is also equipped with performance uniforms for the cultural and industrial troupe, military band, and courtesy uniforms for the guard of honor.

Ordinary clothes are clothes worn by soldiers on ordinary and general ceremonial occasions. There are three types: summer uniforms, standard shirts and winter uniforms. The officer's summer uniform has a lapel collar, two patch pockets, two dig pockets, a white shirt, and a navy blue tie. The services are distinguished by different colors. The ingredients for Xia Chang are distinguished by different ranks.

On July 1, 1997, the new generation of military uniforms worn by officers and soldiers of our army stationed in Hong Kong was the prototype of the new generation of uniforms developed by our army. Our new generation of military uniforms has absorbed the strengths of the military uniforms of other countries in the world. Compared with the current military uniforms, it has greatly improved in terms of structure, materials, colors, clothing and accessories. In particular, the style and color are more beautiful and generous, forming a tri-service military uniform color series with brown-green as the main color for the army, white and navy blue for the navy, and azure blue for the air force. In addition, the new generation of military uniforms also adopts the classification of internationally popular military uniforms. According to their functions, they are divided into four series: dress, uniform, training uniform and work uniform, including dress, spring and autumn uniform, summer uniform, plush jacket, overcoat, and training uniform. 9. There are nine parts of physical training clothes and their matching military shoes (boots) and clothing. Style 99 clothing is part of a new generation of uniforms that were pre-equipped for troops in 1999. Mainly include men's and women's long and short-sleeved summer jackets for land, sea, and air force, jackets for men and women, summer pants for men and women of 92-1, and berets.


Management Regulations

January 20, 2009

national assembly of the PRC

Order of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China

(No. 547)

The "Regulations on the Administration of Military Uniforms" are hereby promulgated and will come into force on March 1, 2009.

Premier Wen Jiabao

Hu Jintao, Chairman of the Central Military Commission

January 13, 2009

Article 1 In order to strengthen the management of military uniforms and maintain the specificity and seriousness of military uniforms, these regulations are formulated.

Article 2 The term "military uniforms" as used in these Regulations refers to the standard clothing and its logo clothing currently equipped by the People's Liberation Army.

Article 3: The standard of military uniforms shall be approved by the Central Military Commission.

The military uniforms are produced under the supervision of the military's military supply department.

Article 4 Enterprises that produce military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms (hereinafter referred to as military uniforms contracting enterprises) shall have the necessary conditions and capabilities for the production of military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms, have a quality assurance system and good credit standing, and comply with other regulations stipulated by the military military department in charge condition.

Enterprises that apply for the production of military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms shall be included in the list of candidates for military uniforms contracting enterprises that meet the requirements specified in the preceding paragraph after inspection by the military department in charge of military supplies or its authorized institutions.

According to the production tasks of military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms, the military department in charge or its authorized institutions shall select the best military uniforms contracting enterprises from the list of military uniforms contracting enterprises, and sign contracts with them for the production of military uniforms and military uniforms special materials.

Article 5: Military uniform manufacturing enterprises shall strictly perform the production contract for military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms, complete the production tasks of military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms in accordance with the time, variety, and quantity agreed in the contract, and implement the technical specifications for military uniform production.

Military uniforms contractors may not transfer military uniforms, military uniform special materials production contracts or military uniform production technical specifications, nor may they entrust other enterprises to produce military uniforms and military uniform special materials.

The staff of military uniform manufacturing enterprises shall not divulge the production technology of special materials for military uniforms, and shall not divulge information involving state secrets such as military uniforms, the production quantities of special materials for military uniforms, and receiving units.

Article 6: Trial products in the production of military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms shall be accepted as finished products if they have passed the inspection by the military military department in charge or an agency authorized by them; Dyeing, etc., shall not be sold or transferred in other ways; the special materials for military uniforms remaining in the production of military uniforms shall be properly kept or handed over in accordance with the requirements of the military military department in charge or its authorized institutions.

Article 7: Enterprises that carry military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms shall have cargo transportation qualifications. The military department in charge of military supplies or its authorized agency shall sign a transportation contract with it. The carrier enterprise shall strictly perform the transportation contract, and the personnel of the carrier enterprise shall not divulge information involving state secrets such as the number of military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms transported, and the receiving unit.

Article 8: The military department in charge or its authorized institution shall inspect the production of military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms by military uniform enterprises, and notify the State Council's administrative department for industry and commerce about the signing and performance of the production contracts for military uniforms and special materials.

Article 9: Active servicemen and personnel who can wear military uniforms in accordance with laws, regulations and relevant provisions of the army shall wear military uniforms in accordance with relevant provisions.

Military security personnel on duty should strengthen inspections and pickets, and promptly correct their illegal wearing of military uniforms.

The entertainers of film and television production and theatrical performance units who need to wear military uniforms to play military roles shall abide by the military's regulations on military uniforms and shall not damage the image of the military and military personnel. Military uniforms are not allowed when not shooting or performing.

Article 10   It is prohibited to buy, sell, rent, lend or give away military uniforms without authorization.

It is forbidden to use military uniforms and standard clothing once equipped by the Chinese People's Liberation Army to engage in business activities.

It is forbidden to solicit customers with terms such as "military supplies", "military uniforms", and "military products". Article 11 The standard clothing and logo clothing of government agencies, organizations, enterprises, institutions and other organizations shall be clearly different from military uniforms.

It is forbidden to produce, sell, purchase and use military uniforms that are made in the style and color of military uniforms enough to make the public regard them as imitations.

Article 12 In any of the following circumstances in violation of the provisions of these Regulations, the administrative department for industry and commerce shall confiscate the illegal articles and illegal gains and impose a fine of 10,000 yuan up to 100,000 yuan; if the amount of illegal business is huge, the business license shall be revoked; Constitute a crime, be held criminally responsible:

(1) Illegal production of military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms;

(2) Trading military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms;

(3) Manufacturing and selling imitations of military uniforms.

When the administrative department for industry and commerce discovers suspected illegal production or sale of military uniforms or imitations of military uniforms, it may seal up or seize the suspected items.

Article 13 If a military service contract enterprise violates the provisions of these regulations and has one of the following circumstances, the administrative department for industry and commerce shall order it to make corrections and impose a fine of 10,000 yuan up to 50,000 yuan; if it refuses to make corrections, it shall be ordered to suspend business for rectification:

(1) Transferring production contracts or production technical specifications for military uniforms or special materials for military uniforms, or entrusting other enterprises to produce special materials for military uniforms or military uniforms;

(2) Selling or otherwise transferring defective military uniforms and military uniform special materials that have not been modified or dyed;

(3) Failure to properly keep and hand over the special materials for military uniforms remaining in the production of military uniforms.

Under one of the circumstances specified in the preceding paragraph, the military department in charge of military supplies shall remove it from the list of candidates for military service enterprises, and shall not be included in the list of candidates for military service enterprises.

Article 14: The personnel of a military uniform contracting enterprise divulge the production technology of special materials for military uniforms, or the personnel of the military uniform contracting system or carrier enterprise divulge information involving state secrets such as military uniforms, military uniforms special materials production, transportation quantity, and receiving units, etc., constitute a crime If it is, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

Article 15 In violation of the provisions of these regulations, the use of military uniforms and the standard clothing that the Chinese People’s Liberation Army once equipped for business activities, or the use of terms such as "military supplies", "military uniforms", and "military products" to solicit customers shall be ordered by the administrative department for industry and commerce to make corrections , Confiscate illegal articles and illegal income, and impose a fine of not less than 2,000 yuan but not more than 20,000 yuan; those who refuse to make corrections shall be ordered to suspend business for rectification.

Article 16  Wearing military uniforms or imitations of military uniforms to pretend to be soldiers and swindle, the public security organs shall impose public security management penalties according to law; if a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

Article 17 Civil servants and active-duty soldiers who abuse their power, neglect their duties, or engage in malpractice for personal gains in the management of military uniforms shall be punished in accordance with law; if a crime is constituted, criminal responsibility shall be investigated in accordance with the law.

Active servicemen who rent out military uniforms or lend or donate military uniforms without authorization shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the Disciplinary Regulations of the Chinese People's Liberation Army.

Article 18 Where there is a dispute over the identification of imitations of military uniforms seized by the public security organs and the administrative departments for industry and commerce, the appraisal shall be made by the provincial military region (garrison region, garrison region) or military sub-region (garrison region) quartermaster department.

Military uniforms and special materials for military uniforms confiscated by public security organs and administrative departments for industry and commerce according to law shall be handed over to the provincial military area (garrison area, garrison area) or military sub-district (garrison area) military supply department; the imitations of military uniforms confiscated according to law shall be in accordance with relevant state regulations deal with.

Article 19 The management of the standard clothing and its logo clothing currently equipped by the Chinese People's Armed Police Force shall be implemented with reference to these regulations.

Article 20: These Regulations shall come into force on March 1, 2009.