Information about Chinese Military Shoes
Chinese military shoes have always been made of cloth, and well-made leather military boots are rarely seen. In the mid-19th century, after China introduced leather shoe manufacturing technology, the new army of the Qing Dynasty was generally equipped with tan leather low-waist military boots similar to Japanese military boots. At the beginning of the 20th century, the rubber shoe industry emerged, and leather boots and rubber shoes gradually became the main military shoes of the Chinese army.
After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, the officers and some German-style equipment divisions of the Nationalist Government were allotted leather military boots, but most officers and soldiers still wore the traditional cloth shoes and straw sandals of the Chinese army. At that time, the troops distributing the best military shoes and military boots were considered the Chinese Expeditionary Force in India. In the early days of their presence in India, the soldiers distributed low-waist black field military boots with leather soles, rubber-soled low-waist black "galas" and British brown rubber-soled cloth shoes provided by the British army. At the same time, the Expeditionary Force in India also made some military shoes, such as rubber-soled lace-up black cloth shoes and straw sandals. As for officers, in addition to British black military boots, American tan 152mm fleece military boots and riding boots were also issued. Later, some combat units issued the US M43 combat boots and M42 combat boots. The most "bull" is the elite paratroopers. Almost every paratrooper has a pair of high-waisted paratrooper boots that are the same as the American soldiers in "Brother Company".
During the War of Liberation, the revolutionary armed forces under the leadership of the Communist Party of China had difficulty in supplying supplies due to the National Government's comprehensive encirclement and suppression. Their military shoes were mostly coarse cloth shoes handmade by rural women.
After liberation, with the mass production of rubber shoes, cloth shoes changed from combat shoes to casual shoes. It is understood that in the middle of the 20th century, the whole army once generally issued a round-mouth cloth shoe, which is commonly referred to as "old-head shoes", but it did not take long for the "old-head shoes" to gradually disappear from the feet of PLA soldiers. Disappeared. Finally, wearing military "old shoes" became the "patent" of the navy submarine force. The reason is simple-to prevent "air pollution". If the submarine soldiers wear rubber shoes to work in an airtight cabin, you can imagine that the smell is really enough. Therefore, the well-permeable round-mouth cloth shoes became one of the most popular munitions by the submarine forces in that era.
For people born in New China, the most familiar military shoes are probably Jiefang shoes. It was born around 1948, and has been continuously improved until today. What’s interesting is that although the name Jiefang Shoes has been called for more than half a century, the term Jiefang Shoes cannot be found in the relevant official documents of the PLA’s military supplies department. There is only one official name for this type of military shoes-cloth. shoes. As for the origin of the name Jiefang shoes, there are two opinions: one refers to this kind of military shoes was born in the War of Liberation; the other refers to the standard military shoes worn by the People's Liberation Army. In the early 1950s, with the development of my country's rubber industry, all units of the People's Liberation Army replaced them with Jiefang shoes, which lasted more than half a century. After the outbreak of the Korean War, a large number of volunteers entered the Korean War. Due to the limited material conditions in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Volunteer soldiers still wore thin liberation shoes to cross the mountains even in winter, while their most powerful opponent, the US Army, was issued with comfortable cold-proof boots. The Volunteer’s rubber boots look inferior to the US Army’s cowhide military boots anyway. But in the mountains of North Korea, simple rubber shoes have played a big role. To the Americans, those Chinese soldiers wearing rubber shoes and walking silently are as scary as jaguars in the jungle. If the volunteers were wearing heavy military boots for infiltration, I am afraid they would be found tens of meters away.
However, because Jiefang shoes are made of pure cotton material in the upper and the shoe, they are particularly prone to wear. In addition, this kind of shoes has poor ventilation and moisture permeability, has a strong smell when worn, and has the feeling of "burning feet". In short, Jiefang shoes with outdated styles and lacking functions are increasingly unable to meet the actual needs of the troops.
At the end of the 1990s, the new generation of Jiefang shoes-99 style training shoes came into being. The 99-style training shoes are developed by the Military Equipment Research Institute of the General Logistics Department. The shoe design absorbs the characteristics of travel shoes and sports shoes and enhances the protection of the ankle and instep. Compared with Jiefang shoes, the antibacterial and deodorant properties of 99-style training shoes have also been improved a lot, and they are suitable for high-intensity combat training. According to the soldiers of the army, this kind of shoes is particularly light, the thicker sole is much better than the old Jiefang shoes, and the grip ability is extremely strong. Although the 99-style training shoes are not waterproof, the upper is very easy to dry. However, the biggest disadvantage of this kind of military shoes is that the waist is too shallow. After that, a high-waist training shoe was developed, called the 01 landing shoe, which is actually a high-waist version of the 99-style training shoe, which is distributed in a small amount in the southern army.
Recently, the first pair of soldiers' leather shoes developed by the relevant departments of the General Logistics Department for the entire army has been finalized and put into production. The troops will be equipped successively, ending the history of the PLA soldiers without standard leather shoes. The 02 soldier leather shoes I saw are not inferior to similar products in developed countries in terms of quality and style.
Let's take a look at the combat boots equipped by the PLA.
In the more than 40 years since 1949, apart from special services such as armored forces and aircrews, the People's Liberation Army, especially the infantry, has hardly been equipped with any kind of military boots, and the foreign military has long been generally issued combat boots for different purposes. This is not only due to insufficient funding, but also due to the unique tactical needs of our army. Military boots are mainly used to protect the soldiers’ feet from being injured in combat: anti-stab, anti-smashing, easy to kick off obstacles, etc., but for our soldiers who mainly rely on foot combat, they appear too heavy and they wear military boots for long distances. The roundabout distance is incredible.
In the southern Xinjiang battle in 1979 and the subsequent two-mountain round battle, high-waist puncture-proof liberation shoes and frosted ground and air warrior leather shoes (commonly known as suede shoes) were issued to border guard officers and soldiers. This should be our army. The prototype of modern military boots. In order to meet the needs of future operations, the Military Equipment Research Institute of the General Logistics Department has developed a series of combat boots used by our army. The 97 combat boots passed the appraisal in 2001. The boots are made of waterproof cowhide and flame-retardant waterproof canvas, and the sole adopts a molding process, which has good anti-slip performance. In addition, the interlayer of the sole is also equipped with a stab-resistant layer of aramid fiber, which has the ability to resist puncture. Some people think that the Type 97 combat boots are a kind of "steel-toed military boots", but this is actually a wrong understanding. The 97-style combat boots are made of a strong material called benzene melt leather, which is very light. At the same time, a series of combat boots for different combat environments have also been successfully developed, and a small number of elite troops have been assigned to meet the needs of training, exercises, and duty.
In addition to the combat boots used by the army, the paratrooper boots issued to the airborne troops are also very distinctive, with distinctive Chinese characteristics. The most common paratrooper boots are 91 summer parachute shoes (the official name of the military) that look like labor protection shoes. This kind of combat boots uses yellow suede thick cowhide boots, 152mm high waist (partly nylon), workmanship is very reliable, even the attached insole is cowhide. The sole design of the paratrooper boots is very original. There are hundreds of rubber ramps on it, which have first-class anti-slip performance. Since the main function of paratrooper boots is shock-proof, the heel of the boot is flat and equipped with a shock-absorbing steel plate, which can effectively disperse the pressure at the moment of touching the ground, protect the ankle, and reduce the shock to the brain. In addition to the sole of the boot, there is also a layer of steel at the toe cap. Because these paratrooper boots are very sturdy, they got a nickname-"Kick the Bull". In addition, there is a round piece of leather at each ankle of the paratrooper boots, which is said to serve as a reinforcement. However, this kind of paratrooper boots is also unsatisfactory: First, because the soles of the boots are too hard, the bending is too small, and the front of the boots is too wide for shock absorption, so its comfort is not very good. Secondly, the waist of the boot is too low, only 152mm, which is easy to wear. According to experts from the Munitions Equipment Research Institute, the quality ratio of the sole to the upper should be 2.5:1, and the paratrooper boots obviously cannot meet the requirements.
In accordance with the needs of military modernization, the General Logistics Department attaches great importance to combat boots research. It is understood that the new generation of aircrew combat boots, paratrooper combat boots, and naval crew combat boots have been completed one after another.
Since the early 1990s, wearing military boots has become a fashion for young people in our country. Many domestic military fans are proud of having a pair of military boots with the PLA's active equipment. However, there is also a lot of knowledge. The following briefly introduces the identification knowledge of some genuine and fake military boots.
The so-called true and false includes two meanings: one refers to the distinction between the military specification version and the civilian copy, that is, the distinction between the so-called military product, civilian product, or military version, and the commercial version; the second is the distinction between the original factory and the fake and inferior. Here, I mainly introduce the difference between military products and civilian products.
A pair of military boots called military products or standard products should meet the following conditions:
(1) Produced by regular military industrial enterprises or by designated military units;
(2) The product quality and performance meet military standards and pass the inspection;
(3) After being circulated through the regular military demand support system, the military is officially assigned to the military.
It can be called a military product if it meets the first two items; and it can be called a standard product if all the three items are met. If only the first item is satisfied, it can be called a civilian product. They are purely fakes, or "imitations." From the outside, the identification method for military boots and military shoes is: the sutures of military boots and leather shoes issued by the military are directly exposed on the soles of the shoes. In professional terms, they are called "ming wading soles." Take the officer's leather shoes as an example. In 1987, the General Logistics Department designed 87-style officer leather shoes. According to the SGB2-102-87 standard, the appearance style is still three joints, with glue and seam structure, and the upper is chrome tanned black scalper. The front leather, the outsole is a flat vulcanized rubber sole, the heel is formed, and the pattern is intersecting.
After the factory has made the finished products, the quality of the finished shoes must be inspected, and the troops can be issued only if they meet the standards, and the defective shoes that do not meet the standards are sold to the society as civilian products. In addition, the outsoles of military shoes also have strict requirements on the materials: the outsoles of genuine military shoes are made of natural rubber with a rubber content of not less than 38%; the outsoles of military and civilian shoes and most civilian shoes are more used. Recycled rubber has a rubber content of only about 15-20%. Take the common strongman's land combat boots as an example. Rotate the sole of the boot on a high-speed grinding machine. If the hand feels lagging and there is less dust, it can be judged as a military version; if it feels smooth and has a lot of dust, it can be judged as a civilian product.