The development of individual military equipment in the Chinese army
91 Military Individual Carrier Equipment
Individual munitions equipment is an important protective equipment that improves the survivability of soldiers on the battlefield, and is a carrier of weapons and other equipment. Our individual military equipment mainly includes helmets, bulletproof vests, protective glasses, combat uniforms, combat shoes (boots), water bottles, individual carrying gear, raincoats, etc. With the rapid development of science and technology and the continuous improvement of my country's economic level, the research of our army's individual military equipment has also experienced a development process from nothing to something, from weak to strong, from single function to multiple protective performance. Especially in accordance with the requirements of modern high-tech warfare, in order to protect against the threats of multiple factors on the battlefield, the research of our army's individual military equipment has overcome the previous research model of "single-to-one", taking individual equipment from head to toe as one The system is designed as a whole to provide soldiers with comprehensive and balanced comprehensive protection.
1. Individual carrying equipment
The so-called single-soldier carrying equipment refers to the tools used by a single soldier to carry equipment and materials. A good set of carrying equipment can greatly reduce the physical consumption of soldiers and improve their combat effectiveness and ability to combat on foot. During the Red Army period, our army’s carrying equipment was very simple. Due to the extreme lack of supplies at that time, soldiers only wore rice bags, bullet bags and grenade bags. The bullet bag doubles as a belt around the waist, with a thin quilt on the back. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, our army was in the hard time of "millet and rifle", and the soldier had only one small enamel bowl on his body than in the Red Army era. The chopsticks used for eating are inserted into the bag and carried. In winter, some military areas do not have quilts but only cotton gowns. They are worn during the day and covered at night. The carrying method is basically compatible with the weight of the carrying species. During the War of Liberation, material conditions improved considerably. Each soldier had a canvas belt, white towels, bags and water bottles, and a quilt per person. The carrying method is still hanging on the body with a rope. During the Anti-U.S. Aid Korea, the Volunteers had already used submachine guns, and the soldier’s chest added a magazine bag made of cowhide.
There has been a substantial increase, but the old method of "single piece separation" is still adopted for the carrying method. Collisions and squeezing between equipment items have appeared. After the resistance to U.S. aggression and aid to Korea, with the rapid development of the national economy, our army’s individual equipment has developed to more than 30 types, and the way of carrying is still at the level of "single piece separation". The contradiction has been exposed. This kind of carrying method of rope binding has seriously affected the tactical movements and combat ability of the fighters.
We strongly demand that they be freed from the "five-flower tie" as soon as possible. After entering the 1980s, based on practical experience, our army further realized the importance of reducing the load of individual soldiers and conducting research on carrying equipment and carrying methods. After the efforts of scientific researchers, the 91 single-soldier carrying equipment was finally successfully developed, bidding farewell to the past history of "backpacking" and significantly improving the combat effectiveness of our army.
2. Military Water Bottle
Our army did not have a unified standard Water Bottle Canteen from the Red Army period, the Anti-Japanese War and the early days of the Liberation War. The soldiers used all kinds of canteens seized from the enemy. It was not until the end of the War of Liberation that military water bottle canteen were produced by the munitions factory, and it was not until 1951 that aluminum water bottle canteen were officially produced to equip troops. The color is brown, and there is a cork cap, which is fixed to the kettle with a rope. In the mid-1960s, the kettle was improved to solve the problem that the cork cover is easy to leak.
Phenolic resin cap with threaded mouth with sealing rubber gasket inside. In order to prevent the water bottle from being bumped and deformed when soldiers perform tactical actions, the thickness of the water bottle is increased and the color is changed to grass green. In order to solve the problem of easy freezing of water in the bottle canteen in cold areas, a felt cover is added to the outside of the water bottle canteen to keep it warm. This is the type of water bottle canteen with the largest number of production and the longest use time in our army, called the 65-style water bottle canteen. In 1987, the 65-style water bottle canteen was further improved. The water capacity was expanded to 1 kg, and the mouth diameter of the water bottle canteen was enlarged. The water bottle canteen was made of phenolic cloth-based plastic, which enhanced the impact resistance and boiling water resistance, and increased the thickness of the kettle body Improve the adhesion of the paint film and reduce paint stripping. Recently, our army has developed a multi-purpose water bottle and a thermal water bottle.
3. Bulletproof vest
Bulletproof vest is an important protective equipment used by individual soldiers or other security personnel of our army to protect their lives, reduce shooting and avoid damage from other weapons in the struggle against the enemy and all criminals. As early as the end of the 1950s, our army carried out research on body armor. At that time, 18 glass fiber reinforced plastic sheets and kapok materials were used to form a glass bulletproof body with a thickness of 8-10 mm. In 1964, the FRP bulletproof vest was researched and tested. The anti-grenade fragments and the US Colt
Pistol bullets have a certain effect. From 1966 to the early 1970s, the Military Equipment Research Institute of the General Logistics Department completed the development of bulletproof vests with the goal of preventing American "sub-munitions", and successively designed and developed two bulletproof vests of chrome steel king-glass reinforced plastic composite structure and aluminum alloy structure. . In the early 1980s, the Military Equipment Research Institute of the General Logistics Department completed the development of the "81-Public Security Vest" aimed at preventing Type 64 pistols. The vest is designed with aluminum alloy and high-strength nylon cloth. Equipped by the General Rear Quarters in 1986
The institute began to develop TF90-54 bulletproof vest. The vest is reasonable in structure, beautiful in style, easy to put on and take off, weighs no more than 4 kilograms, and can effectively prevent 54-style pistol shooting at a distance of 10 meters from the muzzle. Compared with the current internationally popular Kevlar, it has excellent performance and large protection area, reaching the international advanced level.