Chinese Peacekeeping Force
The Chinese peacekeeping force is a military force dispatched by China in accordance with relevant UN resolutions and international law. The main task is to stop conflict and restore peace. At the request of the UN Secretary-General, China has sent military observers to the UN to perform peacekeeping missions every year since 1990. Peacekeeping police are dispatched by the police of various countries to perform civil tasks and perform police functions.
On November 15, 2018, the awarding ceremony of the 14th batch of China's peacekeeping engineering unit to Darfur, Sudan was held in the Chinese barracks located in the super camp of Fasher. All 225 peacekeeping officers and soldiers were awarded the UN "Peace Honor" Medal. The Special Representative of the United Nations and the African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAFIL) Mr. Mama Polo, Deputy Commander Major General Kamud, Chief of Civil Staff Mr. Luke Mlaba, Commanders of the troop-contributing countries, Sudanese military administration More than 300 people including key officials and representatives of Chinese and overseas Chinese attended the ceremony.
On August 6, 2019, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) held a grand ceremony in Wau UN City to award the 331 officers and soldiers of the ninth batch of Chinese peacekeeping engineers and medical units to South Sudan who are about to end the peacekeeping mission "Peace Medal" in recognition of their outstanding performance during the peacekeeping mission. On the morning of October 1, the meeting to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China was held in Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The Chinese peacekeeping force passed through Tiananmen as the last squadron and was reviewed during the National Day parade for the first time.
In the early morning of July 22, 2020, the eighth batch of 203 officers and soldiers from the first echelon of the Chinese peacekeeping force to Mali took off by a special plane at Shenyang Taoxian Airport and went to Marigao, West Africa to replace the seventh batch of peacekeeping troops that were currently on duty there , Began the one-year peacekeeping mission. On September 18, the State Council Information Office released the white paper "The Chinese Army has participated in UN peacekeeping operations for 30 years."
Name: Chinese Peacekeeper
Main tasks: stop conflicts and maintain peace
Affiliated to the People's Republic of China
Major event: October 1, 2019, received review during the first National Day military parade
The Chinese peacekeeping force is a branch of the United Nations peacekeeping force.
The UN peacekeeping force is a special force that crosses borders established in accordance with relevant UN resolutions. The first United Nations peacekeeping force was established during the Suez crisis in 1956. It is delegated by the UN General Assembly or the Security Council and is active in conflict areas in the world.
The soldiers of the peacekeeping forces wear sky blue steel helmets or blue berets with the abbreviation "UN" of the United Nations on their heads, and the armbands are decorated with the "Earth and Olive Branch" pattern. All personnel participating in the United Nations peacekeeping forces must receive special training at the training centers located in the four Nordic countries to familiarize themselves with the functions, purposes, and tasks of the peacekeeping forces and conduct special military training.
In April 1992, the Chinese army sent an engineering team composed of 400 officers and soldiers to the United Nations Provisional Authority in Cambodia, setting a precedent for our army to send a formed unit to participate in a UN peacekeeping operation.
From April 1992 to September 1993, China successively dispatched two batches of 800 officers and soldiers from a military engineering brigade to participate in the peacekeeping operations of the Cambodian transitional United Nations authority. This is the first force dispatched by the Chinese government to participate in a UN peacekeeping operation.
In September 1988, China formally applied to join the UN Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations.
In 1989, China sent its personnel to the United Nations Namibia Transitional Assistance Mission for the first time to help Namibia realize its independence from South Africa.
In 1991, Lei Runmin, an Iraqi-Kuwait military observer, died in a car accident on the Iraq-Kuwait border. In 2003 he was posthumously awarded the Dag Hammarskjöld Medal by the United Nations.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon inspects UNIFIL
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon inspects UNIFIL
In April 1992, China's first "Blue Helmet" unit, the Military Engineering Brigade, went to Cambodia for missions. In May 1992, when Liu Ming, a military observer in Cambodia, was on mission in Cambodia, he was infected with cerebral malaria, and the treatment was ineffective. Unfortunately, he died.
At 22:40 on May 21, 1993, a rocket fell into the camp of the Chinese Peacekeeping Engineer Brigade stationed in Sikun Township, Kampong Thom province, causing the death of Chen Zhiguo and Yu Shili of the 8th squadron of the 3rd Squadron of the Cambodian Peacekeeping Engineer Brigade. Another 7 Chinese engineers were injured.
In November 1999, in accordance with Security Council Resolution 1279, the United Nations established the "UN Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo" (referred to as MONUC, later renamed MONUSCO) to carry out peacekeeping operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
At about 14:00 on March 13, 2003, Yu Jianxing, the head of the chemical inspection team of the United Nations Weapons Verification Agency for Iraq, was in a car accident on the way back to Baghdad, injured his head, and died due to ineffective rescue.
In April 2003, China went to the Congo (Kinshasa) for peacekeeping. The troops include engineering companies and medical teams.
In April 2003, China sent its first peacekeeping engineer and medical team to the Congo (DRC) to participate in peacekeeping operations in the region. The UN has more than 20,000 peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including 17,038 peacekeepers and policemen. This is the largest UN peacekeeping operation currently underway.
In November 2003, China went to Liberia for peacekeeping. The army consists of a transportation unit, a medical unit, and an engineering unit.
In October 2004, the Chinese peacekeeping police riot team went to Haiti for peacekeeping. This is the first time that my country has sent a formed riot police to carry out a UN peacekeeping operation.
At noon on May 3, 2005, the 3rd squad leader of the construction detachment of the peacekeeping engineer company in the Democratic Republic of the Congo paid Qingli. He suddenly fainted while scrubbing the sludge on the loader on a mountainside peninsula on the shore of Lake Kivu.
In October 2005, the Chinese peacekeeping force went to Sudan. The army has an engineering unit, a transportation unit and a medical unit.
At 7:15 on October 24, 2005, Zhang Ming, a non-commissioned officer of the peacekeeping transport detachment to Liberia, was hit by a bullet in the head when he was out on a mission with his comrades and died.
In March 2006, the Chinese peacekeeping engineer battalion went to Lebanon. This was the first time that China sent peacekeeping troops to the Middle East.
At 19:30 on July 25, 2006, the Israeli air force hit the UN observer post in an air strike on the town of Shiyam on the southern edge of Lebanon, causing the death of Du Zhaoyu, the military observer in Lebanon, and three other UN observers.
On January 12, 2010, a strong earthquake of magnitude 7.3 occurred on the afternoon of January 12, 2010 local time in Haiti, causing the collapse of the headquarters building of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti. The Ministry of Public Security of China, who was in talks with UNMIH officials, went to Haiti for peacekeeping Working group members Zhu Xiaoping, Guo Baoshan, Wang Shulin, Li Xiaoming and the peacekeeping police in Haiti Zhao Huayu, Li Qin, Zhong Jianqin, and He Zhihong (female) were buried in the rubble. Xu Zhuanglie at 5:56 on January 13th, Beijing time sacrifice.
On September 11, 2014, after 10 hours of continuous fighting, the Chinese peacekeeping engineering team to South Sudan successfully drove the Marao village section of the local Lun (Baek)-Uru (Rus) highway, bringing the capital of South Sudan to Juba. The main traffic arteries of Rumbek, the capital of Lake State, were restored.
In mid-to-late September 2018, China's ninth batch of peacekeeping engineers and medical teams were deployed to the South Sudan mission area.
As of February 2019, China had dispatched more than 39,000 peacekeepers, participated in the construction of more than 13,000 kilometers of roads in the peacekeeping mission area, had a total transport mileage of 13 million kilometers, received more than 170,000 patient-times, and completed more than 300 armed guard patrols. Times.
At 18:00 on September 22, 2019, the Chinese peacekeeping engineer and medical unit to the Congo (DRC) completed the handover ceremony of command authority in the Chinese Peninsula camp and the Bukavu camp respectively. The 23rd batch of the Congo (DRC) peacekeeping force officially took over the 22 batches of peacekeeping troops to the Congo (DRC) began to carry out a one-year peacekeeping mission.
On the morning of October 1, 2019, the celebration of the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China was held in Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The Chinese peacekeeping force passed through Tiananmen as the last squadron and was reviewed during the National Day parade for the first time.
On September 18, 2020, the State Council Information Office released the white paper "The Chinese Army has participated in United Nations peacekeeping operations for 30 years."
The role of the United Nations peacekeeping force is to prevent the expansion of local conflicts, or prevent the recurrence of conflicts, and to help civilians who have been victims of war, so as to create conditions for the ultimate political settlement of the conflict. When the first UN peacekeeping force was established in 1956, the UN Secretary-General Hammarskjöld once put forward the famous three principles of peacekeeping:
Peacekeeping operations must not interfere with the rights, requirements and positions of the parties concerned, and must remain neutral and must not favor any party in the conflict;
Peacekeeping operations must be implemented with the unanimous consent of all parties concerned;
Peacekeeping forces only carry light weapons and can use force only in self-defense.
People summarize these three principles as the principle of neutrality, the principle of consent, and the principle of self-defense, and call them the "Three Hammarskjöld Principles." The Three Hammarskjöld Principles are the basic norms of the United Nations traditional peacekeeping operations. The peacekeeping operations before the end of the 1980s were based on the Hammarskjöld Three Principles. The three Hammarskjöld principles have important guiding significance for the UN peacekeeping operations in the past 40 years.
Although the United Nations Charter does not make clear provisions for peacekeeping operations, after nearly 60 years of practical exploration, the international community has formed the following four recognized codes of conduct for peacekeeping operations:
The principle of legality. That is, peacekeeping operations must abide by international laws and international practices, and must be properly authorized and clear tasks; peacekeeping forces are usually authorized by the Security Council or the United Nations General Assembly to establish; UN peacekeepers must accept UN authorization and command; and so on. According to these principles, the current US military operations in Iraq are not peacekeeping operations. The official website of the United Nations also pointed out that the so-called "United Nations Army" established by the United States in the Korean War is not under the command of the United Nations, nor is it a United Nations peacekeeping force.
The principle of agreement. That is to say, the stationing and activities of peacekeeping forces need to be decided by the Security Council or the General Assembly, and agreed by all parties concerned (of the 15 members, at least nine countries agree, and China, the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, and France are five permanent members. The members of the council did not vote against), and then authorized the UN Secretary-General to organize; moreover, UN peacekeeping operations can only be carried out after the parties to the conflict agree. Which countries the peacekeeping force consists of and what peacekeeping measures should be approved by the parties to the conflict in advance , Lest the UN peacekeeping force becomes a new party to the conflict. After entering the station, once the government requests for withdrawal, it must withdraw immediately.
The principle of neutrality. Members participating in peacekeeping must come from countries that have no direct interest in the parties to the conflict. The peacekeeping force is different from an ordinary army. It has no battlefield or enemy. It is a political and diplomatic force. It must be strictly neutral and must not be involved in any party in the conflict, let alone interfere in the internal affairs of where it is located. But there have also been peacekeeping operations that violated this principle. For example, after NATO air strikes on Kosovo in 1999, the Security Council decided to deploy an "international security presence" in Kosovo. However, some NATO forces favored the Albanian "Kosovo Liberation Army" and postponed the date of lifting the collection of their weapons. As a result, many violent vendettas against the Serbs occurred.
The principle of minimum use of force. That is, peacekeepers are not allowed to use force to achieve the purpose of peacekeeping. They can only use force to defend themselves when they are compelled-such as protecting comrades-in-arms, United Nations property, and counterattacking those who attempt to use force. Otherwise, they can only withdraw. For example, in 1993, the United Nations peacekeeping force, dominated by the US military, attempted to forcibly disarm various factions in Somalia and was attacked. The U.S. military used force to retaliate, which resulted in a larger-scale counterattack. A total of 102 peacekeepers were killed, of which 44 were killed. Due to the huge loss of peacekeepers and the complete loss of the support of the local people, the peacekeepers were forced to withdraw from Somalia on March 3, 1995.
After long-term exploration, UN peacekeeping operations have formed a relatively standardized command system. Its command structure is usually divided into two parts, one is the Peacekeeping Operations Department located at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, and the other is the mission areas distributed around the world. The Department of Peacekeeping Operations is the headquarters of the United Nations to implement peacekeeping operations. Its top head is the Deputy Secretary-General in charge of peacekeeping affairs (now Frenchman Jean-Marie Gunot, who has served in his current post in 2000 and visited in 2002 and 2007). China). China currently has many staff officers serving in the Ministry. The peacekeeping mission area is the peacekeeping command organization sent by the United Nations to conflict areas. Its highest officer is usually the "Special Representative of the Secretary-General" or "Assistant Special Representative", who is responsible for commanding all UN peacekeepers in the mission area, including military observer missions and peacekeeping forces. , Civil institutions, etc. In August 2007, Major General Zhao Jingmin, an official of the Peacekeeping Office of the Ministry of National Defense, was appointed as the Force Commander of the United Nations Referendum Mission in Western Sahara. He was the first Chinese soldier to be appointed by the United Nations as the senior commander of the peacekeeping force.
The dispatch of military observation missions is another form of United Nations peacekeeping operations. The UN dispatch of military observation teams to conflict areas must be decided by the Security Council or the General Assembly, with the consent of all parties concerned, and authorize the UN Secretary-General to organize. The personnel of the observation team were provided by UN member states and consisted of unarmed military officers. Its mission is peacekeeping operations. When performing their tasks, observers must not carry weapons, must be strictly neutral, must not be involved in any party in the conflict, and must not interfere in the internal affairs of the host country. Its specific responsibilities vary depending on the situation and needs, and generally include: supervising a truce or ceasefire, and withdrawal; observing and reporting the situation in conflict areas; implementing disengagement agreements; preventing illegal border crossing or infiltration; and other missions granted by UN resolutions. The dispatch of military observation teams is a temporary measure of the United Nations peacekeeping operations. They have a certain period of time, and the Security Council may decide to extend it as the situation requires.
After the Cold War, with the increase in regional conflicts, the number and scale of UN peacekeeping operations increased, and the nature and role of peacekeeping operations often exceeded the scope of traditional responsibilities, resulting in a serious shortage of UN funds. To this end, in addition to peacekeeping forces, foreign countries also participate in peacekeeping operations with the help of multinational forces voluntarily formed by member states. The cost of the multinational force is generally paid by the participating countries. The soldiers of the multinational forces participating in the UN peacekeeping operations wear their own national military uniforms, and are mainly marked with the UN flag and the UN badge.
Peacekeeping operations are mainly divided into two categories: United Nations peacekeeping operations directly led by the Secretary-General (in the form of military observation missions and peacekeeping forces) and peacekeeping operations approved by the Security Council, authorized by the Two forms of multinational force and "humanitarian intervention force"). From the end of the Second World War to May 2000, the United Nations has organized 68 peacekeeping operations and invested a total of more than 750,000 soldiers, police and civil affairs personnel. Its purpose has expanded from the traditional monitoring of ceasefires and mediation to the development of preventive diplomacy, peacekeeping and peace reconstruction. Its tasks include supervising ceasefires, truces, and withdrawal; disengaging the two parties in the conflict; observing and reporting the situation; helping to implement peace agreements; preventing illegal border crossings or infiltrations and maintaining security in conflict areas. With the changes in the international situation, the mission scope of peacekeeping operations has gradually expanded, involving many non-traditional tasks such as monitoring elections, referendums, protecting and distributing humanitarian aid, and helping demining and returning refugees to their homes.
In addition to military personnel, the personnel participating in the peacekeeping team include civilian police and civilian personnel. The United Nations peacekeeping force has made positive contributions to maintaining and restoring regional peace and helping to resolve regional conflicts, and its functions and roles have become increasingly popular around the world. In 1988, the Norwegian Nobel Prize Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to this unit wearing a blue beret.
Principles of Action
A UN peacekeeping operation is an operation that uses non-force methods under the authorization of the UN Security Council to help parties in conflict maintain peace, restore peace, and ultimately achieve peace. Traditional peacekeeping operations can be basically divided into two categories: one is an observation mission composed of unarmed military observers to supervise the ceasefire, withdrawal or the implementation of relevant agreements; the other is to dispatch peacekeeping troops equipped with light weapons for self-defense to ensure a ceasefire. To ease the situation and create conditions for the settlement of disputes.
According to the principles established by the Chinese government, China's participation in UN peacekeeping operations is mainly to provide the UN with military observers, civilian police, engineering, medical, and transportation logistics support units. China's participation in UN peacekeeping operations adheres to three principles recognized by the UN over the past 50 years:
The implementation of peacekeeping operations requires the consent of the country or parties concerned
Use force only in self-defense
China has a total of 10 peacekeeping troops with a total of 1,546 personnel performing peacekeeping tasks in 4 UN mission areas. The four mission areas are in Congo (Kinshasa), Liberia, Lebanon, Sudan, and Mali. So far, China has dispatched a total of 22,000 peacekeeping officers and soldiers, and 17  soldiers have died in peacekeeping missions. The peacekeeping forces dispatched by China are mainly medical and engineering troops. Over the past 20 years, the peacekeeping forces sent by China have successively surveyed and built more than 7,300 kilometers of roads, more than 200 bridges, received and treated more than 28,000 patients, performed more than 230 operations, transported personnel and materials, and have traveled more than 3.48 million kilometers and cleared landmines. There are more than 7,500 unknown explosives. Firearms: Generally a 95-type assault rifle.
List of slain
Liu Mingfang was the first Chinese peacekeeper to sacrifice. In April 1992, China's first blue helmet military engineering brigade went to Cambodia for missions. In May of this year, Liu Mingfang, a military observer in Cambodia, was infected with cerebral malaria. In January 1993, the treatment failed and died.
Two more people died in Cambodia. In May 1993, the base camp of Chinese peacekeepers on mission in Cambodia was attacked by multiple rockets from unidentified militants. Chen Zhiguo and Yu Shili, soldiers of the Engineering Corps, died on the spot. The Cambodian Ministry of National Defense established a memorial to the two martyrs Chen Zhiguo and Yu Shili in 2006.
In May 1994, Lei Runmin, a UN military observer in Iraq-Kuwait, was crushed by a van during a peacekeeping mission and died on the spot. In 2003, he was posthumously awarded the Medal by the United Nations. Lei Runmin's son later became a UN intelligence agent, fulfilling his father's unfulfilled wish.
On March 13, 2003, Colonel Yu Jianxing, a Chinese chemical weapons inspection expert and a United Nations weapons inspector against Iraq, was on his way back to Baghdad after inspecting a suspected illegal weapon in Iraq. The off-road vehicle he was riding in hit a large truck. He was seriously injured and died half an hour later, under the age of 39.
In May 2003, Fu Qingli, the squad leader of the 3rd squad of the construction unit of the Chinese peacekeeping engineering company to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, washed the sludge on the loader under the high temperature. He suddenly fainted due to heatstroke and died. He was only 26 years old.
On October 24, 2005, Zhang Ming, a non-commissioned officer of the Chinese peacekeeping transportation unit to Liberia, was hit in the head by a bullet when he was out on a mission with his comrades in arms and died. After the incident, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan sent a special message of condolences.
In the early morning of July 26, 2006, Lieutenant Colonel Du Zhaoyu, a United Nations military observer, was attacked by conflict artillery fire at the United Nations observation post in Lebanon. Du Zhaoyu and three other UN military observers from Finland, Austria and Canada were tragically martyred. After the incident, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and the Security Council condemned the Israeli atrocities.
Chinese peacekeeping police killed in Haiti earthquake
Chinese peacekeeping police killed in Haiti earthquake
On January 13, 2010, a strong earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale struck Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti, causing heavy casualties and property losses. Eight Chinese peacekeepers, Zhu Xiaoping, Guo Baoshan, Wang Shulin, Li Xiaoming, Zhao Huayu, Li Qin, Zhong Jianqin, and He Zhihong who were performing peacekeeping missions in the local area, died in the line of duty.
At 15:40 on May 28, 2010, the deputy squad leader of the fourth squad of a certain company of the Iron Army of the Jinan Military Region. In October 2009, he went to the Wau region of Sudan to perform a peacekeeping mission. He served as the 6th batch of China's peacekeeping engineer battalion support and support squadron. Xie Baojun, a hydroelectrician, died of cerebral hemorrhage due to overwork. He was only 26 years old.
In the early morning of June 1, 2016, the Chinese peacekeeping force in Mali was attacked by a car bomb attacked by al-Qaeda elements. The third-level non-commissioned officer Shen Liangliang was tragically killed. He was only 29 years old.
On July 10, 2016, at 18:39 local time, the South Sudanese government forces and the anti-government forces continued to exchange fire in the capital Juba. I went to the South Sudan peacekeeping infantry battalion and an armored vehicle to perform the refugee camp alert at the UNMISS headquarters camp During the mission, he was attacked by a shell. In this attack by militants, Chinese peacekeepers Li Lei and Yang Shupeng were killed, and two others were seriously injured and three others were slightly injured. [1
As of the end of November 2013, Chinese "Blue Helmets" troops have participated in China's participation in 18 UN peacekeeping operations, dispatched more than 9,000 peacekeepers, and made due contributions to maintaining world peace. 11 military (police) officers and 5 soldiers died in the peacekeeping mission. Our army has 10 peacekeeping teams with 1,546 personnel deployed in 4 UN mission areas, and is one of the countries that send the most peacekeeping officers and soldiers among the permanent members of the UN Security Council.
In the "world furnace" Sudan, the Chinese engineering battalion created an astonishing "Chinese speed"-the road from the peacekeeping camp to Wau Airport was repaired in just three days.
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Chinese soldiers turned a weedy and rocky hillside into a flat and tidy military camp in 20 days.
In Liberia, the coverage of the Chinese transport unit covers the entire territory of Liberia, and it is the transport support center for 46 international peacekeeping forces stationed in Liberia. A senior UNMIL official praised vividly: “The mission of UNMIL is carried out under the support of the wheels of the Chinese transport team!”
In Lebanon, the Chinese peacekeeping engineer battalion kept its mission in mind, worked tenaciously and accomplished various tasks well. During the Lebanese-Israeli conflict, they did not panic, judged the situation correctly, and handled the situation decisively. They won high praise from the international community and became one of the most prominent UNIFIL forces during the conflict.
Since participating in the UN peacekeeping operations, the Chinese peacekeeping engineers have built and repaired more than 10,000 kilometers of roads, erected and repaired 207 bridges, and removed more than 7,500 explosives; the transportation force has transported 210,000 tons of materials and traveled 3.5 million kilometers; the medical force A total of nearly 30,000 patients were admitted.
On September 21, 2018, the award ceremony of the 4th batch of China's peacekeeping infantry battalion to South Sudan (Juba) was held at the UN camp in the capital Juba. The UN Mission in South Sudan (UNSouth Sudan) awarded us the peacekeeping infantry All officers and soldiers of the battalion "Peace Medal of Honor" in recognition of their contributions to the cause of maintaining peace in South Sudan.
On August 6, 2019, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) held a grand ceremony in Wau UN City to award the 331 officers and soldiers of the ninth batch of Chinese peacekeeping engineers and medical units to South Sudan who are about to end the peacekeeping mission "Peace Medal" in recognition of their outstanding performance during the peacekeeping mission.
In every UN peacekeeping mission area, Chinese "Blue Helmets" are not only the guardians of peace, but also the spreaders of friendship and civilization. With their actual actions, they demonstrated China's "peace-loving and responsible" great power style, and demonstrated the good image of the Chinese military as a "mighty, civilized, and peaceful teacher".
This series of astonishing figures not only proves the outstanding performance of China’s "Blue Helmets" troops, but also reflects an obvious feature of China’s participation in UN peacekeeping operations: all those who go abroad are engineering, medical, and transportation support troops, and never have one. The offensive troops set foot on foreign land. This clearly shows the Chinese government's diplomatic philosophy of promoting common development and building a harmonious world.
A peacekeeper wrote in his volunteer letter before leaving the country: “As long as you can make a little contribution to world peace, no matter how hard you are, no matter how tired you are, you will not hesitate to sacrifice your life.” It is this special thing. The spirit of being able to endure hardships, fighting, and dedication has created an unbreakable and unstoppable peacekeeping force, completing one "impossible task" one after another.
While successfully completing various peacekeeping tasks, Chinese soldiers also actively spread friendship and work diligently for station construction. After 14 years of civil war, Liberia’s domestic infrastructure was destroyed and supplies were scarce. After the arrival of the Chinese "Blue Helmets" troops, they took the initiative to help the station build several main roads such as "Friendship" and "Administration". In addition, they also actively teach various techniques to local people to help them get rid of poverty and become rich. The Chinese soldiers selected some officers and soldiers who knew rice planting techniques to teach the common people how to plant them. The sincerity and friendship of the Chinese soldiers touched many locals, and they regarded the Chinese soldiers as their relatives.
After the Lebanon-Israel conflict in 2009, roads and bridges in southern Lebanon were severely damaged. In order to help local people rebuild their homes, the Chinese peacekeeping forces dispatched many machines and personnel every day to renovate roads and clean up ruins. Whenever they see bulldozers from the Chinese peacekeeping engineer battalion leveling the road, passing vehicles always honour their whistle. During the Lebanese-Israeli conflict, the Chinese government donated relief supplies to Lebanon free of charge, making the Lebanese people feel the peaceful and friendly actions of the Chinese people. Whenever they saw Chinese peacekeepers and soldiers, many local people kept shouting in the Chinese they just learned: "Chinese, OK!"
In December 2003, the Chinese army began to send engineering, transportation and medical units to participate in UNMIL peacekeeping operations, initially with 558 personnel. Among them, 275 were in the engineering unit, 240 were in the transportation unit, and 43 were in the medical unit.
On September 29, 2013, at the request of the United Nations, China dispatched a 140-member peacekeeping police riot team to the UN Libya mission area. The first group of 14 advance team members set off from Beijing Capital International Airport in the early morning of September 30 to the Libyan peacekeeping mission area. The advance team is mainly responsible for receiving peacekeeping equipment and supplies, repairing camps, and liaising with the outside world, laying a solid foundation for large troops to station in the mission area. This is the first time that China has sent an organized peacekeeping police riot team to Africa.
People's Daily Online reported on March 27, 2014: Following the handover ceremony of the 15th and 16th Chinese peacekeeping medical and engineering teams to Liberia on the 22nd and 23rd, the station was stationed in Monrovia at 8 am local time on the 26th. The 15th batch of peacekeeping transportation units in Asia and the 16th batch of peacekeeping transportation units who came to take over held a grand rotation and handover ceremony in the camp. So far, the Chinese peacekeeping force to Liberia has successfully completed the fifteenth rotation and handover.
"The rotation is the team, the task is transferred, and the mission is passed." Li Tiantian, the leader of the rotation steering group and director of the Office of Peacekeeping Affairs of the Ministry of National Defense, said at the handover ceremony that the two groups of officers and soldiers are in the same spirit. The Chinese soldiers and the spirit of coming for peace, not only handed over the mission equipment, but also the problem situation, and even more experience and practices, ensured the successful completion of the rotation and handover work, and laid a solid foundation for the 16th batch of peacekeeping forces to perform their mission in the next step.
In the past 8 months, the 15th batch of 558 officers and soldiers who went to Liberia to perform peacekeeping missions faced the complex security situation and harsh environmental conditions, overcame difficulties, took the initiative, and successfully completed various peacekeeping missions assigned by the United Nations. The UNMIL, our embassy in Liberia, and the Liberal government and people have all been awarded the UN "Medal of Honor for Peace".
During the handover, the rotation and handover steering group composed of the Office of Peacekeeping Affairs of the Ministry of National Defense and the Beijing Military Region also understood and mastered the actual difficulties of peacekeeping forces through field investigations, listening to reports, organizing discussions and individual talks, and gave specific points based on actual conditions Comments and suggestions.
At 13:30 pm on September 29, 2016, the second batch of 80 officers and men of the 18th Chinese peacekeeping engineering unit to Liberia arrived at the Capital International Airport by a United Nations chartered plane. After 380 days, they set the record of "the longest time for a single batch of peacekeeping tasks." So far, the 18th batch of peacekeeping engineering units to Liberia successfully completed the peacekeeping mission, and all 275 officers and soldiers returned home safely and smoothly.
On March 1, 2017, 99 officers and soldiers of China's 19th batch of peacekeeping troops to Liberia took a United Nations chartered flight from Monrovia, the capital of Liberia, on their return journey. The remaining 25 members of the peacekeeping force will be left behind under the leadership of commander Huo Changxing and will return home after completing the withdrawal of equipment and shipping. The 19th batch of peacekeeping troops to Liberia has a total of 124 people, including 44 transport units and 80 engineering units. They were deployed to Monrovia, the capital of Liberia, in September 2016. They were the last group of peacekeeping troops sent by the Chinese army to this African country. .
From 2003 to March 2017, the Chinese army has sent 10,297 officers and soldiers to Liberia to participate in peacekeeping operations, including 10,168 officers and soldiers of the formed peacekeeping force, and 129 military observers and staff officers. During the mission, the Chinese engineer team to Leiwei inspected and repaired 7,500 kilometers of roads and erected 69 repair bridges; the transportation team had a total of 13 million kilometers and transported 930,000 tons of materials; the medical team received more than 50,000 patients. Chinese peacekeepers have made important contributions to the smooth development of UNMIL’s work and the advancement of the cause of peace in Liberia.
South Sudan peacekeeping
On March 19, 2014, the twelfth batch of peacekeeping medical teams from a certain branch of the Jinan Military Region Joint Logistics went to Wau, South Sudan, to carry out the rotation of peacekeeping troops in the military region. On the same day, the twelfth batch of Chinese peacekeeping medical teams to Wau, South Sudan, was held at the Second Independent Motor Camp.
Since late August 2014, the traffic condition of the Lun-Ukraine Highway, which was originally poorly developed, has become worse due to heavy rains. In particular, the road section of Marao Village, 20 kilometers south of Rumbek, has suffered severe damage to the roadbed and contiguous roads. Many places of mud are as deep as 1 meter. As of September 10, dozens of trucks were stuck in the mud here, causing road blockage and paralyzing traffic.
At the request of the local government, and with the consent of the UNSU Mission, the Chinese Peacekeeping Engineering Corps dispatched a capable team to provide emergency assistance early on the 11th. From 8 a.m. to 6 p.m., the officers and soldiers rescued 3 vehicles, excavated 150 meters of drainage ditch, excavated 5 temporary water storage pits, hauled 300 square meters of red clay, and repaired 200 meters of damaged road sections. This is a major transportation link that concerns South Sudan’s national economy and people’s livelihood.
On September 11, 2014, China used military personnel for the first time to protect overseas oil assets and investment. In the next few days, 800 infantry battalion soldiers will be sent to South Sudan to protect local oil fields, drilling equipment and Chinese workers. Atney, spokesman for the President of South Sudan, said the UN peacekeeping force has the right to allow "all necessary means." He emphasized that Chinese soldiers are "prepared to fight and will fight back once civilians and oilfield facilities are attacked."
On September 25, 2014, the spokesperson of the Chinese Ministry of National Defense Geng Yansheng stated on the 25th that in accordance with the UN Security Council Resolution 2155 on the adjustment of the troop strength and authorization of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan, at the invitation of the United Nations and approved by the State Council and the Central Military Commission, the Chinese military It was decided to send a 700-person peacekeeping infantry battalion to South Sudan for peacekeeping missions.
On October 8, 2015, the Chinese peacekeeping infantry battalion captain's patrol team, which was performing a long-distance armed patrol mission in the South Sudan mission area, encountered several fierce armed conflicts around its temporary operating base.
On November 1, 2015, China’s first peacekeeping infantry battalion marched into the conflict zone to escort "life supplies". After 3 days of marching, 3 camping, trekking more than 300 kilometers deep in the savannah, and successfully escorting more than 10 vehicles of UN disaster relief food to destination.
On July 10, 2016, in the afternoon local time in South Sudan, the UN Mission in South Sudan camp in the capital Juba was shelled. An infantry fighting vehicle of the Chinese peacekeeping infantry battalion to South Sudan, which was maintaining order in refugee camp No. 1, was hit by artillery shells. Chinese peacekeepers Li Lei and Yang Shupeng were killed. Two others were seriously injured and three others were slightly injured.
On the afternoon of October 5, 2016, 30 officers and soldiers of the third echelon of the 15th Chinese peacekeeping force to South Sudan (Wau) completed the material handover task at the Juba Transition Battalion and arrived at the Wau mission area by a United Nations chartered flight. The victory of the comrades-in-arms to join forces signifies that a new batch of peacekeeping troops to South Sudan (Wau) has been fully deployed.
On April 19, 2018, the Chinese peacekeeping police team went to South Sudan to participate in the expedition ceremony. The seventh Chinese peacekeeping police team to South Sudan is mainly formed by the Anhui Provincial Public Security Agency. A total of 12 members will be dispatched to the mission area on April 22.
In September 2018, the Duain Branch of the 14th batch of Chinese peacekeeping engineers to Sudan, as the first migrating force of the United Nations and the African Union Mission in Darfur (UNFID), successfully completed the long-distance and cross-theater mobile mission. Deployed to Glo Temporary Operations Base.
On September 5, 2018, China's ninth batch of peacekeeping engineers set off from Zhengzhou and went to South Sudan (Wau) for peacekeeping missions.
On September 11, 2018, the ninth batch of 165 officers and soldiers of the first echelon of the Chinese peacekeeping force to South Sudan (Wau) set off from Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport to the South Sudan (Wau) mission area for a one-year peacekeeping mission .
On September 24, 2018, 166 officers and men of the second echelon of China's ninth batch of peacekeeping forces to South Sudan (Wau) successfully arrived at the mission area, marking the deployment of all the ninth batch of Chinese peacekeeping forces to South Sudan (Wau). Since the ninth batch of peacekeeping engineers and medical units were deployed to the mission area in mid-to-late September 2018, they have overcome many difficulties such as the severe security situation, harsh natural environment, and difficult living conditions. More than 13,500 troops were dispatched and more than 4,600 vehicles and machinery were deployed. It has completed more than 140 urgent, difficult and dangerous tasks such as the refurbishment of important supply routes in South Sudan with high standards, built more than 700 kilometers of roads, reinforced more than 3,500 meters of walls, leveled more than 10,000 square meters of ground, received more than 2,600 patients, and made emergency visits More than 40 sub-tasks have demonstrated the excellent professional quality and tenacious character of Chinese peacekeepers.
On September 23, 2019, the rotation and handover ceremony of the Chinese peacekeeping forces to South Sudan (Wau) was held in Wau, South Sudan. The ninth batch of Chinese peacekeeping engineers and medical teams completed the peacekeeping mission triumphantly.
At 14:00 on September 15, 2018, the second batch of Chinese peacekeeping helicopter units to Darfur, Sudan, a Mi-171 medium multi-purpose helicopter with the call sign "UNO-794" landed smoothly at Al Fasher Airport and successfully completed It was the first mission flight since the rotation deployment.
The formation ceremony of the first Chinese peacekeeping troops to Mali was held in Harbin on the 12th. The newly formed China’s first batch of peacekeeping troops to Mali has a total of 395 officers and soldiers, including an engineering unit of 155, a guard unit of 170, and a medical unit of 70, each from an engineering regiment of the 16th Army of the Shenyang Military Region , A certain infantry regiment and the 211th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army. The formation ceremony of the first Chinese peacekeeping troops to Mali was held in Harbin on the 12th. This is the first time that my country has sent security forces to participate in peacekeeping operations. This peacekeeping force will go to Mali in two batches at the end of July and early September 2013 to take on tasks such as road and bridge repairs in the mission area, security of the camp, medical rescue and evacuation of the wounded. They have gone through strict peacekeeping operations regulations and regulations, peacekeeping professional skills training, as well as anti-terrorism and anti-riot training and security defense operations such as the use of light weapons, integrated shooting of infantry vehicles, explosion detection and disposal techniques, and enemy capture techniques. The peacekeeping mission to Mali is the 30th UN peacekeeping operation that my country has participated in since it first sent peacekeepers to the UN peacekeeping operation in 1989.
In the early morning of July 22, 2020, the eighth batch of 203 officers and soldiers from the first echelon of the Chinese peacekeeping force to Mali took off by a special plane from Shenyang Taoxian Airport and went to Marigao, West Africa to replace the seventh batch of peacekeeping troops that were performing missions there. , Began the one-year peacekeeping mission. The eighth batch of Chinese peacekeeping officers and soldiers to Mali came from a synthetic brigade of the 79th Army Group Army, an engineer brigade and the 967th hospital of the Shenyang Joint Logistics Support Force. They were divided into three detachments of guards, engineers, and medical personnel, with a total of 413 personnel, divided into two batches. set off. After the first batch of 203 officers and soldiers arrived in the mission area, affected by the new crown epidemic, they will undergo medical isolation and observation for two weeks as planned, and then start a rotation with the seventh batch of peacekeeping forces.
Congo (DRC) peacekeeping
On September 29, 2016, China's 19th batch of peacekeeping engineering units to the Congo (DRC) successfully completed the one-year mission and returned home with honor. Looking back on the peacekeeping years, they went deep into the mountains, drilled dense forests, built roads, and built bridges and culverts. They were not afraid of hearing about guns, did not shrink from the epidemic, and faithfully performed the "peacekeeping mission combat team", "overseas military operations advance team", and "shaped the country The glorious mission of the "Image Team" is worthy of a shining "Chinese name card".
On the evening of September 12, 2017, the 21st batch of 100 soldiers from the first echelon engineer and medical unit of the Congo (DRC) peacekeeping force set off at Lanzhou Zhongchuan International Airport. The 118 officers and soldiers of the second echelon will set off on September 18.
On August 8, 2019, the 22nd batch of Chinese peacekeeping troops to the Congo (Kinshasa) held an award ceremony in the "Chinese Peninsula" camp in Bukavu. All 218 officers and soldiers were awarded the "Medal of Honor for Peace" by the United Nations. MONUSCO Political Affairs Director Di Ginado, South Kivu Governor Cassie, MONUSCO Force Chief of Staff Brigadier General Aksod and other key officials, local government officials, friendly forces in the mission area, representatives of Chinese-funded companies, etc. More than 200 guests participated in the awarding activities.
On April 19, 2018, the Chinese peacekeeping police team went to Cyprus to participate in the expedition ceremony. The peacekeeping police force going to Cyprus is mainly formed by the public security organs of Hebei Province, with a total of 7 members (including 1 female member), and will leave for the mission area in batches at the end of April and July.
On November 11, 2018, the second batch of Chinese peacekeeping helicopter units to Darfur, Sudan passed the fourth quarter equipment verification of the United Nations and the African Union Joint Mission in Darfur (UNAFIL) with high standards, and all equipment and materials were in compliance. UN requirements